Your birth control options include: Barrier methods. Examples include male and female condoms, as well as the diaphragm, cervical cap and contraceptive sponge. Short-acting hormonal methods. Examples include birth control pills, as well as the vaginal ring (NuvaRing), skin patch (Xulane) and contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera). Take 1 pill every day for 21 days (3 weeks) in a row. Then don’t take any pills for seven days (week 4). You’ll get your period during the fourth week while you aren’t taking any pills. It’s important to take every pill in a day pack because there are no reminder (hormone-free) pills.
Birth control pills are among the most popular methods of preventing pregnancy. In the United States alone, between and about When used correctly, birth control pills are So how do they work?
Birth control pills are synthetic steroid hormonesusually consisting of either a single hormone, progestin, or two hormones, progestin and estrogen. These hormones suppress the release of follicle-stimulating hormone FSH and luteinizing hormone LH from the pituitary gland in the female body.
FSH and LH normally trigger the release of estrogen from the ovaries, which in turn stimulates ovulation —the release of a mature egg from the female ovary. However, when FSH and LH are suppressed, the chances of ovulation, and therefore fertilization by a male sperm cell, are significantly reduced. Progestin-only birth control pills also cause mucus in the cervix to thicken, making it more difficult for sperm to reach the egg in the event that ovulation occurs.
While birth control pills are commonly used to prevent pregnancy, ti may also be used to alleviate symptoms associated with menstruation. This is because birth control pills also reduce levels of prostaglandins how to design a small flat the body. Prostaglandins are substances that cause the muscles of the blrth to contract, producing sometimes intense and painful cramping.
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Feb 19, · The most common birth control pills are combination pills, which have a mix of estrogen and progestin hormones. Generally, combination pills come in day, day, day, or day packs. Most pills in a pack are active, which means they contain hormones. Some packs also have inactive pills, which don’t contain hormones. When used correctly, birth control pills are percent effective in preventing pregnancy. So how do they work? Birth control pills are synthetic steroid hormones, usually consisting of either a single hormone, progestin, or two hormones, progestin and estrogen. These hormones suppress the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland in the female . Birth control prices range from $2 for a condom to $6, for sterilization surgery. You’ll need to think about what you can afford. If you have health insurance, find out which kinds of birth.
Choosing a method of birth control can be difficult. Know the options and how to pick the type of contraception that's right for you. If you're considering using birth control contraception , you have a variety of options. To help pick the right method of birth control for you and your partner, consider the following questions. It's also important to be aware of emergency contraception — such as the morning-after pill Plan B One-Step, Aftera, ella, others — which can be used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex.
To be effective, any method of contraception must be used consistently and correctly. Contraceptives that require little effort on your part, such as IUDs, contraceptive implants and sterilization, are associated with lower pregnancy rates. In contrast, methods that require monitoring fertility or periodic abstinence are associated with higher pregnancy rates.
The method of contraception you choose depends on your reproductive goals. If you're planning pregnancy in the near future, you may want a method that's easily stopped or quickly reversible, such as a short-acting hormonal method or a barrier method. If you want to prevent pregnancy for a longer amount of time, you may consider a long-acting method, such as an IUD. If you're certain that you don't want to get pregnant at any time in the future, you may prefer a permanent method, such as sterilization.
You may find that different contraceptive options work for you at different stages of your life. Some forms of birth control are considered a violation of certain religious laws or cultural traditions.
Weigh the risks and benefits of a birth control method against your personal convictions. It's important to choose a type of birth control that suits your lifestyle.
For some people, the most convenient form of birth control may be one that is easy to use, has no bothersome side effects or does not disrupt the sexual experience. For others, convenience means no prescription is required. When choosing a method of birth control, consider how willing you are to plan ahead or follow a rigid medication schedule. Some methods of contraception are inexpensive, while others are more costly. Ask your insurance provider about your coverage, and then consider the expense as you make a decision.
Consider your tolerance for the possible side effects associated with a particular birth control method. Some methods pose more side effects — some potentially serious — than others. Talk to your doctor about your medical history and how it might affect your choice of birth control. Male and female condoms are the only methods of birth control that offer reliable protection from sexually transmitted infections.
Unless you are in a mutually monogamous relationship and have been tested for sexually transmitted infections, use a new condom every time you have sex in addition to any other method of birth control you use. In addition to preventing pregnancy, some contraceptives provide benefits such as more predictable, lighter menstrual cycles, a decreased risk of sexually transmitted infections or a reduction in the risk of some cancers.
If these benefits are important to you, they may influence your choice of birth control option. Your partner may have birth control preferences that are similar to or different from your own. Discuss birth control options with your partner to help determine which method is acceptable to both of you.
The best method of birth control for you is one that is safe, that you are comfortable using, and that you are able to use consistently and correctly.
Your preferred method of birth control may change over your lifetime and is influenced by many different factors, including:. Knowing your options is definitely part of the decision process — but an honest assessment of yourself and your relationships is just as important when deciding which type of birth control is right for you. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.
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Sign up now. Birth control options: Things to consider Choosing a method of birth control can be difficult. By Mayo Clinic Staff. Show references Contraception. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Accessed Dec. Birth control methods. Dehlendorf C. Contraceptive counseling and selection for women. Hatcher RA, et al. Choosing among contraceptive methods. In: Managing Contraception For your pocket.
Bridging the Gap Foundation; Efficacy, safety, and personal considerations. In: Contraceptive Technology. Ayer Company Publishers; Mayo Clinic; See also Pre-ejaculation fluid and pregnancy Breast-feeding and medications Ovulation signs Perimenopause birth control options Sperm life span Teens and sex. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
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