Tables and Figures. Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October The equivalent resources for the older APA 6 style can be found at this page as well as at this page (our old resources covered the material on this page on two separate pages). The purpose of tables and figures in documents is to enhance your readers. When possible, use a canonical, or standard, format for a table rather than inventing your own format. The use of standard formats helps readers know where to look for information. There many ways to make a table, and the samples shown on this page represent only some of the possibilities. The samples show the following options.
Fomat are visual displays composed of columns and rows in which numbers, text, or a combination of numbers and text are presented. There are many common kinds of tables, including demographic characteristics tables, correlation tables, factor analysis how to make a table in apa format, analysis of variance tables, and regression tables.
This page addresses the basics of table setup, including table components, principles of table construction including the use of borders and how to handle long or wide tablesand placement of tables in the paper.
Note that tables and figures have the same overall setup. View the sample tables to see these guidelines in action. Tables are covered in Sections 7. This guidance is the same as in the 6th edition. The most important principle to follow when creating formatt table is to present information in a way formar is easy for readers to understand. Provide sufficient information in the table itself so that readers do not need to read the text to understand it.
When creating a table, place entries that are to be compared next to each other. In general, place different indices hiw. Use the same font in tables as in the rest of your paper.
Use the tqble feature of your word-processing program to create tables in APA Style papers. Do not use the tab key or space bar to manually create the look of a forat. Limit the use of borders or lines in a table to yow needed for clarity. In general, use a border at the top and bottom of the table, beneath column headings including decked headsand above column spanners.
You may also use a border to separate a row containing totals or other summary information from other rows in the table. Do not use vertical what is a normal amount of discharge to separate data, and do not formmat borders around every cell in a table. Use spacing s columns and rows and strict alignment to clarify relations among the elements in a table. If a table is longer than one page, use the tables feature of your word-processing program to make the headings row repeat on the second and any subsequent pages.
No other adjustments are necessary. If a table is too wide to fit on one page, use landscape orientation on the page with the wide table. It does not matter if the page ro also moves when switching to landscape orientation. There are two options for the placement of tables and figures in a paper.
An embedded table may take up an entire page; if the table is short, however, text may appear on the same how to play windrunner dota as the table. In that case, place the table at either the top or bottom of the page rather than in the middle.
Also add one blank double-spaced line between apaa table and any text to improve the visual presentation. View the sample tables for more information on tables. Table Setup.
Number tables hw the order in which they are mentioned in your paper. Give each table a brief but descriptive title, and capitalize the table title in italic title case. All tables should include column headings, including a stub heading heading for the leftmost, or stub, column. Some tables also include column spanners, decked heads, and table spanners; these are described in the Publication Manual. Center column headings and capitalize them in sentence case. A cell is the point of intersection between a row and a column.
The table body may be single-spaced, one-and-a-half-spaced, or double-spaced. Left-align the information in the leftmost column or stub column of the table body but center the heading. In general, center information in all other cells of the table. However, left-align the information if doing so would improve readability, particularly when cells contain lots of text.
Include table notes only as needed. This diagram is an illustration of the basic table components. Principles of table construction The most important principle to follow when creating a table is to present information in a way gormat is easy for readers to understand. Table borders Limit the use of borders or lines in a table to those needed for clarity. Long or wide tables If a how to become a quality control inspector is longer uow one page, use the tables feature of your word-processing program to make the headings row repeat on the second and any subsequent pages.
Placement of tables in a paper There are two makke for the placement of tables and figures in a paper.
vertical lines. (See p. of the APA manual for information about ruling of tables.) • Table notes go one double-spaced line beneath the final horizontal line. Begin with the word Note (in italics) followed by a period. General table notes are used to explain abbreviations or provide additional information. (See pp. – of the APA manual for an explanation ofFile Size: KB. Nov 03, · Tables in APA Style. To correctly format an APA table, follow these rules: Table number (in plain text) above the table. Brief title (in italics and title case) below the table number. Use no vertical lines and as few horizontal lines as possible. Notes below the table when necessary. APA table example. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication .
Published on November 5, by Jack Caulfield. Revised on April 2, A table concisely presents information often numbers in rows and columns. A figure is any other image or illustration you include in your text—anything from a bar chart to a photograph. Tables and figures differ in terms of how they convey information, but APA Style presents them in a similar format—preceded by a number and title, and followed by explanatory notes if necessary.
Table of contents APA table format APA figure format Numbering and titling tables and figures Formatting table and figure notes Where to place tables and figures Referring to tables and figures in the text Frequently asked questions about APA tables and figures. To correctly format an APA table, follow these rules:. The table above uses only four lines: Those at the top and bottom, and those separating the main data from the column heads and the totals.
Create your tables using the tools built into your word processor. Any images used within your text are called figures. Figures include data visualization graphics—e.
Keep the design of figures as simple as possible. Use colors only where necessary, not just to make the image look more appealing. For text within the image itself, APA recommends using a sans serif font e. Arial with a size between 8 and 14 points. Learn more. Tables and figures are each numbered separately, in the order they are referred to in your text. For example, the first table you refer to is Table 1; the fourth figure you refer to is Figure 4.
The title should clearly and straightforwardly describe the content of the table or figure. Omit articles to keep it concise. The table or figure number appears on its own line, in bold, followed by the title on the following line, in italics and title case. Where a table or figure needs further explanation, notes should be included immediately after it.
These are not your analysis of the data presented; save that for the main text. There are three kinds of notes: general , specific , and probability. Each type of note appears in a new paragraph, but multiple notes of the same kind all appear in one paragraph.
Only include the notes that are needed to understand the table or figure. It may be that it is clear in itself, and has no notes, or only probability notes; be as concise as possible. General notes come first. They include any explanations that apply to the table or figure as a whole and a citation if it was adapted from another source, and they end with definitions of any abbreviations used. Specific notes refer to specific points in the table or figure.
Superscript letters a, b, c … appear at the relevant points in the table or figure and at the start of each note to indicate what they refer to. Probability notes give p -values for the data in the table or figure. If you place them throughout the text, note that each table or figure should only appear once. Align the table or figure with the text along the left margin. Leave a line break before and after the table or figure to clearly distinguish it from the main text, and place it on a new page if necessary to avoid splitting it across multiple pages.
If you place all your tables and figures at the end, you should have one table or figure on each page. Begin with all your tables, then place all your figures afterwards. Avoid making redundant statements about your tables and figures in your text.
When you write about data from tables and figures, it should be to highlight or analyze a particular data point or trend, not simply to restate what is already clearly shown in the table or figure:.
Additionally, even if you have embedded your tables and figures in your text, refer to them by their numbers, not by their position relative to the text or by description:.
This is often the case when you need to communicate a large amount of information. If the data you need to present only contains a few relevant numbers, try summarizing it in the text potentially including full data in an appendix. If describing the data makes your text overly long and difficult to read, a table or figure may be the best option.
A list of tables and list of figures appear in that order after your table of contents , and are presented in a similar way. If you adapt or reproduce a table or figure from another source, you should include that source in your APA reference list. You should also acknowledge the original source in the note or caption for the table or figure. Tables and figures you created yourself, based on your own data, are not included in the reference list.
If I have a figure in Chapter 2 Figure 1 and then I have a figure with different information in Chapter 4 - is that new figure in Ch 4 - Figure 1 or is it Figure 2. APA's recommendation for papers is to number your figures consistently throughout the text, in the order in which they are discussed. So your second figure would just be Figure 2, regardless of the chapter in which it appears.
The exception is if you include a figure or table in an appendix; these should be labeled separately from those in the main text. You can read more about appendices here if that's relevant for you. What font size is acceptable for the "note" under a figure? Should it be consistent with the font size used throughout the paper or can it be smaller?
Notes under a table or figure should appear in the same font size used throughout the paper, double-spaced and left-aligned like the rest of the text. I'm trying to figure out how to cite the authors of various articles that I'm providing a lit. I'm creating a table referencing each article and comparing them within the article so I need to know how many authors I list before I put in et al.
You can check out our article here for guidance on when to use "et al. What happens if the table falls onto two pages?
Do you place it before the alinea it is mentioned in? Or do you place it on the top op the next page? Or do you leave it cut in half? If it's possible to fit the table onto one page by placing it at the start of a new page, you should do so, even if this means not placing it straight after the paragraph it's mentioned in.
If it's impossible to fit the table onto one page, split it across as many pages as necessary, but repeat the column headings at the top of each page to make it easy to read. Regarding the font used in a table according to APA 7th edition - can the font in a table be different from the font used in the rest of a paper?
My dissertation is written in 12 point Times New Roman, and I would like to display a table using 10 point Arial for better fit. According to section 2. Any advice, please? According to APA guidelines , you should use the same font in tables as you use in the rest of your paper. Hope that helps! Say goodbye to inaccurate citations! Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.
Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines. When should I use a table or figure to present data?
Is it important to your arguments? Does the table or figure require too much explanation to be efficient? Should I include lists of my tables and figures? Should I include tables and figures in the reference list?
Is this article helpful? He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time. Other students also liked. Citing tables and figures from other sources in APA Style You must indicate the sources of any tables or figures that aren't your own creation with citations and copyright notes.
How to write an APA results section In an APA style results section, you summarize your data and report the findings of all relevant statistical analyses. Hi Karen, APA's recommendation for papers is to number your figures consistently throughout the text, in the order in which they are discussed. Anne March 30, at AM What font size is acceptable for the "note" under a figure?
Hi Anne, Notes under a table or figure should appear in the same font size used throughout the paper, double-spaced and left-aligned like the rest of the text. Karen Cinq-Mars March 3, at PM I'm trying to figure out how to cite the authors of various articles that I'm providing a lit. Hi Karen, You can check out our article here for guidance on when to use "et al. Kylene February 26, at AM After the "figure 1" title does the spacing remain double-spaced or is it single-spaced?
Hi Kylene, Yes, figure and table numbers and titles are double-spaced to match the rest of the text. Chantal January 23, at PM What happens if the table falls onto two pages? Hi Chantal, If it's possible to fit the table onto one page by placing it at the start of a new page, you should do so, even if this means not placing it straight after the paragraph it's mentioned in. August 28, at AM Regarding the font used in a table according to APA 7th edition - can the font in a table be different from the font used in the rest of a paper?
Hi, According to APA guidelines , you should use the same font in tables as you use in the rest of your paper.