Frank Buck (animal collector)
The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to North America, Central America, Ecuador, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia. It has also been introduced to New Zealand, all the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean (Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico), and some countries in Europe, such as the. The bucks name, age, approximate score, recent activity and sightings will be listed below each picture. A question we are often asked is "How can you tell if a deer is "? By checking "The Hitlist" you will start to learn the characteristics of a " buck.
The white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianusalso known as the whitetail or Virginia deeris a medium-sized deer native to North America, Central America, Ecuador, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia. In North America, the species is widely distributed east of the Rocky Mountains as well as in southwestern Arizona and most of Mexico, aside from Lower California.
It is mostly replaced by the black-tailed or mule deer Odocoileus hemionus from that point west except for in mixed deciduous riparian corridors, river valley bottomlands, and lower foothills of the northern Rocky Mountain region from How to tell the age of a buck deer Dakota west to eastern Washington and eastern Oregon and north to northeastern British Columbia and southern Yukonincluding in the Montana valley and foothill grasslands.
Texas is home to the most white-tailed deer of any U. Notably high populations of white-tailed deer occur in the Edwards Plateau of Central Texas. The conversion of land adjacent to the Canadian Rockies into agriculture use and partial clear-cutting of coniferous trees resulting in widespread deciduous vegetation has been favorable to the white-tailed deer and has pushed its distribution to as far north as Yukon.
Populations of deer around the Great Lakes have also expanded their range northwards, due to conversion of land to agricultural uses favoring more deciduous vegetation, and local caribou and moose populations declining.
The westernmost population of the species, known as the Columbian white-tailed deeronce was widespread in the mixed forests along the Willamette and Cowlitz River valleys of western Oregon and southwestern Washingtonbut today its numbers have been considerably reduced, and it is classified as near-threatened. This population is separated from other white-tailed deer populations. Some taxonomists have attempted to separate white-tailed deer into a host of subspeciesbased largely on morphological differences.
Genetic studies, [ clarification needed ] however, suggest fewer subspecies within the animal's range, as compared to the 30 to 40 subspecies that some scientists have described in the last century. The Florida Key deerO. Endangered Species Act. In the United States, the Virginia white-tail, O. Several local deer populations, especially in the southern states, are descended from white-tailed deer transplanted from various localities east of the Continental Divide.
Some of these deer populations may have been from as far north as the Great Lakes region to as far west as Texas, yet are also quite at home in the Appalachian and Piedmont regions of the south.
These deer, over time, have intermixed with the local indigenous deer O. Central what kind of doctor for achilles tendon South America have a complex number of white-tailed deer subspecies that range from Guatemala to as far south as Peru. This list of subspecies of deer is more exhaustive than the list of North American subspecies, and the number of how to handle an irate caller is also questionable.
However, the white-tailed deer populations in these areas are difficult to study, due how long should pain last after wisdom tooth extraction overhunting in many parts and a lack of protection.
Some areas no longer carry deer, so assessing the genetic difference of these animals is difficult. The scientific name of white-tailed deer is Odocoileus virginianus Zimmerman Cervidae .
There are 26 subspecies in the world. Seventeen of these occur in North America, ordered alphabetically. The deer's coat is a reddish-brown in the spring and summer and turns to a grey-brown throughout the fall and winter.
The deer can be recognized by the characteristic white underside to its tail. It raises its tail when it is alarmed to warn the predator that it has been detected. An indication of a deer age is the length of the snout and the color of the coat, with older deer tending to have longer snouts and grayer coats.
Strong conservation efforts have allowed white deer to thrive within the confines of the depot. White-tailed deer's horizontally slit pupils allow for good night vision and color vision during the day. The white-tailed deer is highly variable in size, generally following both Allen's rule  and Bergmann's rule  that the average size is larger farther away from the equator.
North American male deer also known as a buck usually weigh 68 to kg to lb but mature bucks over kg lb have been recorded in the northernmost reaches of their native range, namely Minnesota, Ontario, and Manitoba. InCarl J. Lenander Jr.
White-tailed deer from the tropics and the Florida Keys are markedly smaller-bodied than temperate populations, averaging 35 to 50 kg 77 to lbwith an occasional adult female as small as 25 kg 55 lb. Length ranges from 95 to cm 37 to 87 inincluding a tail of 10 to 37 cm 3.
It is among the largest deer species in North America, and the largest in South America. Deer have dichromatic two-color vision with blue and yellow primaries;  humans normally have trichromatic vision. Thus, deer poorly distinguish the oranges and reds that stand out so well to humans. Males regrow their antlers every year.
About one in 10, females also has antlers, although this is usually associated with freemartinism. The spikes can be quite long or very short. Length and branching of antlers are determined by nutrition, age, and genetics. Rack growth tends to be very important from late spring until about a month before velvet sheds. Healthy deer in some areas that are well-fed can have eight-point branching antlers as yearlings 1. The individual how to spot a bully nutritional needs for antler growth is dependent on the diet of the deer, particularly protein intake.
Some say spiked-antler deer should be culled from the population to produce larger branching antler genetics antler size does not indicate overall healthand some bucks' antlers never will be wall trophies.
Good antler-growth nutritional needs calcium and good genetics combine to produce wall how to tell the age of a buck deer in some of their range. They have skin-covered nobs on their heads. They can have bony protrusions up to a half inch in length, but that is very rare, and they are not the same as spikes.
Antlers begin to grow in late spring, covered with a highly vascularised tissue known as velvet. Bucks either have a typical or atypical antler arrangement. Typical antlers are symmetrical and the points grow straight up off the main beam. Atypical antlers are asymmetrical and the points may project at any angle from the main beam. These descriptions are not the only limitations for typical and atypical antler arrangement.
The Boone and Crockett or Pope and Young scoring systems also define relative degrees of typicality and atypicality by procedures to measure what proportion of the antlers is asymmetrical. Therefore, bucks with only slight asymmetry are scored as "typical". A buck's inside spread can be from 3 to 25 in 8—64 cm. Bucks shed their antlers when all females have been bred, from late December to February.
White-tailed deer are generalists and can adapt to a wide variety of habitats. The northern white-tailed deer O. The smallest deer occur in the Florida Keys and in partially wooded lowlands in the neotropics. Although most often thought of as forest animals depending on relatively small openings and edges, white-tailed deer can equally adapt themselves to life in more open prairie, savanna woodlands, and sage communities as in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico. These savanna-adapted deer have relatively large antlers in proportion to their body size and large tails.
Also, a noticeable difference exists in size between male and female deer of the how do you pollinate tomato plants. The Texas white-tailed deer O.
Populations of Arizona O. The white-tailed deer of the Llanos region of Colombia and Venezuela O. In some western regions of North America, the white-tailed deer range overlaps with those of the mule deer.
White-tail incursions in the Trans-Pecos region of Texas have resulted in some hybrids. In the extreme north of the range, their habitat is also used by moose in some areas. White-tailed deer may occur in areas that are also exploited by elk wapiti such as in mixed deciduous river valley bottomlands and formerly in what is the fourth watch in the bible mixed deciduous forest of eastern United States.
Central American white-tailed deer prefer tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forestsseasonal mixed deciduous forests, savanna, and adjacent wetland habitats over dense tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests.
South American subspecies of white-tailed deer live in two types of environments. The first type, similar to the Central American deer, consists of savannas, dry deciduous forests, and riparian corridors that cover much of Venezuela and eastern Colombia. The Andean white-tailed deer seem to retain gray coats due to the colder weather at high altitudes, whereas the lowland savanna forms retain the reddish brown coats.
South American white-tailed deer, like those in Central America, also generally avoid dense moist broadleaf forests. Since the second half of the 19th century, white-tailed deer have been introduced to Europe.
The introduction was successful, and the deer have recently begun spreading through northern Scandinavia and southern Kareliacompeting with, and sometimes displacing, native species. The population of somedeer originated from four animals provided by Finnish Americans from Minnesota. White-tailed deer eat large amounts of food, commonly eating legumes and foraging on other plants, including shootsleaves, cacti in desertsprairie forbs,  and grasses.
They also eat acorns, fruit, and corn. Their special stomachs allow them to eat some things humans cannot, such as mushrooms and poison ivy. Their diets vary by season according to availability of food sources. They also eat hay, grass, white clover, and other foods they can find in a farm yard. Though almost entirely herbivorous, white-tailed deer have been known to opportunistically feed on nesting songbirds, field mice, and birds trapped in mist netsif the need arises.
A foraging area around 20 deer per square mile can start to destroy the forest environment. The white-tailed deer is a ruminantwhich means it has a four-chambered stomach. Each chamber has a different and specific function that allows the deer to eat a variety of different foods, digesting it at a later time in a safe area of cover.
The stomach hosts a complex set of microbes that change as the deer's diet changes through the seasons. If the microbes necessary for digestion of a particular food e. There are several natural predators of white-tailed deer, with wolvescougarsAmerican alligatorsjaguars in the American southwest, Mexico, and Central and South America and humans being the most effective natural predators. Aside from humans, these predators frequently pick out easily caught young or infirm deer which is believed to improve the genetic stock of a populationbut can and do take healthy adults of any size.
BobcatsCanada lynxgrizzly and American black bearswolverinesand packs of coyotes usually prey mainly on fawns. Bears may sometimes attack adult deer, while lynxes, coyotes, and wolverines are most likely to take adult deer when the ungulates are weakened by harsh winter weather. Few wild predators can afford to be picky and any will readily consume deer as carrion. Records exist of American crows and common ravens attempting to prey on white-tailed deer fawns by pecking around their face and eyes, though no accounts of success are given.
White-tailed deer typically respond to the presence of potential predators by breathing very heavily also called blowing and fleeing. When they blow, the sound alerts other deer in the area.
Bonus Deer Permits
There is an obvious Deer motif to Buck due to the various deer imagery on his person (tattoo and belt buckle), names that allude to deer (buck being a male deer and Bambi is a deer from the titular Disney film). On another note, Buck's sexual sadism is akin to the aggressive behaviour of deer . 2 days ago · Learn how to field-dress a deer, and get to it ASAP. Removing those organs is the first step in cooling the animal down. On a cold night — in the mids or lower — a deer can be left hanging skin-on overnight. In especially cold weather, some hunters like to age a deer in such a manner for several days (more on aging in a bit). You must have taken at least two antlerless deer in the City of Lynchburg before taking a third antlered deer in the City of Lynchburg. Earn a Buck questions and answers can be found online. Youth and Apprentice Deer Hunting Weekend. September 26 and .
This area, located in Washington County, is well known for producing trophy class whitetails. As evidence by what you've seen on television and what has been written in magazines, Kentucky is the hottest destination for Whitetails. Whitetail Crossing is now offering hunts in Ohio as well. We are located just outside of Dresden, Ohio and manage over 3, acres in Coshocton and Muskingum County which is well known for producing trophy bucks each and every year.
Ohio offers a great mix of hardwoods and crop fields giving you true midwest feel. We have a couple NEW pages on the website to keep in mind.
The first is a page called "Tailgate Talk" where we will go into detail on the daily grind here at Whitetail Crossing. This will be a behind the scenes look at what goes on here everyday. The second page is called the "Braggin' Board" where we will go into detail on each buck harvested this season. There will be a picture of the hunter with their trophy and we will go over score, weight, approximate age and details of the hunt will be included.
I hope you enjoy the updates. Whitetail Crossing was established in and is now entering its 9th full season. For those of you familiar with the Outdoor Channel, you may have noticed we were featured on Drop Zone TV for 3 years - Whether you are looking for a Trophy Whitetail or Big Turkey, we have an option for you.
We also offer Youth Hunts and have proven that even are youth hunters can be successful. Don't like outfitted hunts? That's okay. We also offer affordable Do-it-Yourself Hunts for hardworking hunter. With over 7, acres to hunt across 15 different farms, we are able to minimize pressure and hunt smarter, using the wind and weather conditions to our advantage.
Our work ethic here at Whitetail Crossing is unmatched and shows in our success. You are trusting us to put you on trophy buck and our goal is to do just that. We have a " Minimum on all our bucks, that ensures we have trophy animals for years to come. All of our farms are within 30 minutes of the lodge, so you wont be sitting in a truck hours before daylight. We limit the number of hunters in camp to with a bow depending on group size and time of year, and 12 with a rifle ensuring that we can put you in the most productive spots we have.
We have all you could possibly ask for in hunting retreat. There is nothing more satisfying for us then seeing you get your trophy.
We have had many first timers shoot their bucks with us and look forward to seeing if we can top your expectations every year. We have over 60 trail cameras in the field throughout the year so we can learn our deer travel patterns.
Once we located a shooter buck, he will end up on "The Hitlist". Here, you will be able to stay updated with every shooter on our property. The bucks name, age, approximate score, recent activity and sightings will be listed below each picture.
A question we are often asked is "How can you tell if a deer is "? By checking "The Hitlist" you will start to learn the characteristics of a " buck. We will do our best to educate you on how to judge a buck before you ever step foot in the woods. Trail cameras are only one aspect of the hunt. We plant a lot of our food plots in June and August and want you to experience that as well. If you are following us on Facebook or Instagram you will feel like you're there while we work. We will be posting pictures showing our stand setups, our foodplots, and any other thing we feel is worth knowing.
In addition to our food plots, work with several farmers to leave standing crops in strategic locations to help our hunting efforts and help carry the deer through the winter months. Why is Kentucky so attractive for Whitetail Deer Hunters? Read About Our Whitetail Hunts. Read More About Us.
Get the Full Year Experience We have over 60 trail cameras in the field throughout the year so we can learn our deer travel patterns.