Beginner's guide to Linux: where to start
Jul 31, · How to Run Linux From a DVD or USB A live Linux DVD or USB lets you run Linux without installing it to your hard drive. This basically lets you test drive Linux before committing to it and is also good for the occasional user. Most distributions use a live loader to both test and install the distribution. May 25, · You can just as easily use Linux without ever using a terminal as you would on Mac OSX. Using "apropos" can help you find a command that does a certain task. Try "apropos user" to see a list of commands that have the word "user" in their description. 8.
T Linux operating system offers a rich mix of features and security that make it a great free and mostly open-source alternative to macOS and Microsoft Windows. Because it's different "under the hood," consider some of the big-picture aspects of Linux and how it compares to the other desktop operating systems before you take the plunge.
Linux powers a variety of computer systems from light bulbs to guns, laptops to large computer centers. Linux powers everything from your phone to your smart refrigerator. In desktop computing, Linux provides an alternative to commercial operating systems such as Windows and macOS.
Linux sources from some of the earliest computer operating systems from the s and s, and so it retains its root philosophies of strong user-level security, customization, and system stability. There are many reasons why you would use Linux instead of Windows or macOS and here are just a few of them:. The Linux kernel is like an engine.
A distribution is an actual vehicle that houses the engine. So which Linux distribution should you choose? Linux supports several hundred distributions, each optimized for some specific use case:. This basically lets you test drive Linux before committing to it and is also good for the occasional user. Most distributions use a live loader to both test and install the distribution. Ubuntu Linux, a common choice how to use at linux new Linux linu, offers an excellent live environment.
Each Linux distribution relies upon a different installer, which is a program that guides you through configuring Linux. In most cases, you're free to install Linux as the new operating system on a computer or as a separate OS that doesn't overwrite Windows.
A typical Linux distribution includes several different components. A display manager logs you in while a window manager governs windows, panel, menus, dash interfaces ude core applications. Many of these items are bundled together to uxe a desktop environment.
Some Linux distributions ship with just one desktop environment although others are available in the software repositorieswhile others offer different versions of the distribution fine-tuned for different desktop environments.
Cinnamon is a more conventional desktop environment that looks much like Windows how to fix arp cache problem, with a panel at the bottom, a ro, system tray icons, and quick launch icons.
They are modern desktop environments that use the concept of launcher icons and a dashboard-style display for picking applications. There are also core applications that integrate well with the overall theme of the desktop environment.
KDE is a classic-style desktop environment with many custom features and a core set of applications that are all highly customizable. For personal use and for small- to medium-sized businesses, LibreOffice presents a strong alternative to Microsoft Office, for free.
LibreOffice comes with a word processor with the majority of the features you expect from a word processor. It also features what game system is the best decent spreadsheet tool that is full-featured and includes a basic programming engine, although it isn't compatible with Excel VBA. Other tools include the presentation, maths, database, and drawing packages which are all good. Linux does not install software the same way that Windows what is a fidelity account. A package manager accesses repositories that archive various software applications that work on a given distribution.
The package management tool uae a mechanism to search for software, install software, keep the software up how to use at linux date, and remove the software. Each distribution provides its own graphical tool. There are common command-line tools used by many different distributions.
For example, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, and Debian all use the apt-get package manager. Fedora and CentOS use the yum package manager.
Arch and Manjaro use Pacman. Given its long heritage and the diversity of approach of modern desktop environments, a lot of Linux still works from a shell session. Although the graphical user interface of modern Linux DEs can do just about everything, much online education about Linux relies on the shell because it's not tied to the peculiarities of a given distribution or window manager. People new to Linux can ohw away with rarely or never working from the shell, but people who grow to love Linux often go to the shell first because of how easy it is to type one command instead of clicking through many different menus.
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Lifewire Tech Review Board Member. Article reviewed on May 09, Tweet Share Email. Linux Switching from Windows. In This Article. What Is Linux? Linux vs. Windows and macOS. Choosing a Distribution. How to Install. What Is a Desktop Environment? Linux Office Suites. How to Install Software. The Command Line. Run Linux Mint 19 alongside Windows 8.
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Aug 03, · Your Linux distribution of choice probably allows you to use it in a “live” environment, meaning it runs entirely off the disc or USB drive and doesn’t actually need to be installed to your. Aug 14, · Linux. It’s been around since the mid ‘90s, and has since reached a user-base that spans industries and continents. For those in the know, you understand that Linux is actually everywhere. It’s in your phones, in your cars, in your refrigerators, your Roku devices. It runs most of the Internet, the supercomputers making scientific breakthroughs, [ ]. Mar 04, · This isn't because using Linux is dangerous - in fact, as we've said, it's virtually risk-free - it's just that accidents do happen, and you should back up your data regularly anyway.
The world of Linux is ready to welcome you, with a shower of free open-source software you can use on any PC: hundreds of active Linux distributions, and dozens of different desktop environments you could run on them.
Everything from software installation to hardware drivers works differently on Linux, though, which can be daunting. Linux distributions take the Linux kernel and combine it with other software like the GNU core utilities, X. Each distribution unites some combination of these elements into a single operating system you can install. DistroWatch offers a good, in-depth summary of all the major Linux distributions you might want to try. Ubuntu is a fine place to start for former or curious Windows users.
ISO image of a Linux distribution. Note that booting from USB 3. For most desktops and laptops, the above instructions will suffice. Restart your computer with the disc or USB drive inserted and it should automatically boot. Some laptops may include a small, unlabeled button on the side that you can hold down while you turn on the laptop. Secure Boot has been a headache for many Linux users. Just use the Linux desktop normally and get a feel for it.
You can insert it into any computer and boot Linux whenever you want. Use it to troubleshoot Windows problems, recover files from a corrupted system, scan an infected system for malware, or provide a secure environment for online banking and other important tasks. If you have more than one USB stick to spare, you can try different Linux distributions and pick the one you prefer. With free virtualization tools like VirtualBox , you can have multiple virtual machines VMs , complete with their own boot sequences and isolated storage.
One of the most popular things to do with virtual machines is to run different operating systems on one computer without needing to reboot. You can even back up copies of the entire virtualized guest operating system if you need to. While using VirtualBox is a great way to try out one or more Linux distributions, there are some disadvantages. Virtualization comes with a performance hit due to overhead, though this is reduced if your CPU has virtualization support built-in.
To take advantage of this technology, you also have to make sure that virtualization support is enabled on your motherboard in the UEFI or BIOS as well. Depending on which Linux distribution and desktop environment you choose, your desktop environment and installed applications will vary—though most will cover your typical needs.
Most Linux distributions ship with the Firefox web browser, for example. Ubuntu Additionally, be sure to enable virtual desktops most modern Linux desktops have disabled them by default and give them a shot, too.
Every desktop environment has a set of tools to help you customize the look and feel how you want it to. While some distributions are optimized for a particular desktop, nearly every major distribution gives you the option to install the desktop of your choice after the system is installed. When you log in to the desktop, you can choose what desktop environment to run. If you ever get lost, there is plenty of help online. If you prefer a more structured help environment, the Ubuntu and Fedora documentation websites are great resources.
While the Arch Wiki is written with users of Arch Linux in mind, it is a great in-depth resource for Linux programs in general. You have choices about when and how to install Linux. You can leave it on a disc or USB drive and boot it up whenever you want to play with it. You can try several Linux distributions in this way—you can even re-use the same USB drive.
The big reasons to install Linux instead of just running it from a USB drive or disc are productivity and convenience. Unlike running Linux live, installed Linux will remember your settings, keep your installed software, and maintain your files between reboots. The installer will resize your Windows partition to make room for Linux, and you can select which operating system you want to use every time you boot your computer.
Of course, you can always choose to install Windows in a virtual machine as well. Software installation on Linux works very differently from software installation on Windows. Instead, look for the software installer on your system. This software is tested and provided by the Linux distribution.
If security patches are necessary, your Linux distribution will provide them to you in a standard way. While most major distributions offer GUI programs to help you install software, all distributions have command-line tools that can do the same thing. Though it can be intimidating for newbies, we recommend users familiarize themselves with how to install applications from the command line , even if they prefer using the GUI.
If an installation fails for some reason, using the command line will offer hints as to why the installation failed. Related: Operating Systems Linux Ubuntu.