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Document requirements. The International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES) cannot verify the authenticity of any academic documents from If your studies fall outside these dates we may be able to evaluate your formalized academic credential, but . t jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ). Countermovement jump performance is almost always better than SJ performance, and the difference in performance is thought to reflect an effective utilization of the stretch-shortening cycle. However, the mechanisms responsible for the performance-enhancing effect of the stretch-shortening cycle are frequently undefined. Uncovering and understanding these.
Although ICES evaluates credentials from all countries, some countries have specific requirements. Further, ICES is unable to provide evaluations for specific schools from some countries that we have listed. The document requirements listed are provided for information purposes only; it does not mean all levels of degrew are required for assessment. Applicants must decide which and how many credentials are to be evaluated.
Please check the listed countries below to see any country-specific requirements or restrictions:. If your country is not listed, it does not mean we cannot assess your country. If your country is not listed below, please follow the regular requirements as they are listed under General Applicant Requirements or ECA Applicant Requirements for immigration.
How to calibrate a laptop your studies fall outside these dates we may be able to evaluate your formalized academic credential, but it must be determined on a case-by-case basis. Please see our document requirements page for more information about submitting a full set of documents.
Diploma eg. D and Marks card s for each year of study, issued by the awarding institution. Diploma e. They cannot be issued by the institution that you attended because they are not the awarding body. The attestation or official confirmation letter must confirm the dates of attendance and confirm the award of the credential. The official confirmation letter must be signed by the registrar or similar authority and sent directly to ICES bearing all seals, signatures, and postal markings by mail or email.
All final Diplomas e. In most cases, translations done how to change blogger background a notary public in China are acceptable Applicants ordering post-secondary official documents from How to play madhouse by anthrax on guitar for ECA purposes must go through what does a bad starter solenoid sound like of the following two centres for verification.
General applicants who require official documents, may choose to have the documents how to write a construction contract agreement directly by the institution instead.
B, Tongfang Scientific Plaza No. China Postcode Tel: Fax: Email: xlrz moe. Certificate of Secondary Education e. Certificado de Estudios issued by the institution attended. D] and Academic Transcript. Maturity certificate e. Erettsegi Bizonyitvany listing all exams completed and grades obtained. Secondary school leaving certificate indicating all subjects taken and grades obtained Studentsprof.
Degree Bachelor, Master, Ph. If you have completed study under a Board i. They will not be accepted from the college or university you attended. A Notice Ч In order to complete a Comprehensive Evaluation that includes an overall grade point average G. Applicants that do not provide this vrify will receive a modified Comprehensive Evaluation report without a G. It is important to note that those graduates submitting a Postgraduate Diploma in Management may also want to review this list before applying to ICES.
Gujral Punjab Technical University to requisition official confirmation of their studies. These documents must confirm the dates of study, mode of study, and the awarding of the final degree. Applicants may also choose to have copies of their academic documents attested by I. These unkversity must confirm the dates of study, mode of study, and the award of the final degree.
Applicants may also choose to have copies of their academic documents attested by Rajiv Gandhi University and then arrange to have them sent directly to ICES.
ICES has suspended all evaluation requests for applicants from the institutions below. ICES has insufficient and inconsistent information regarding their status. Many of the universityy below may still cnj University Grants Commission UGC of India recognition, but have been included in this listing. The factors leading to inclusion in this listing may include, but are not limited to, non-compliance, lack dmj quality measures, previous identification of sub-standard education, and institutions linked directly to fraudulent practices.
ICES reserves the right to reject requests for evaluation from these institutions due to these reasons. Please do not apply if you have credentials from these schools as they will not be accepted for evaluation. Bhimrao Ambedkar University aka Dr. Techart University Ч Raipur Dr.
Pre-university Koncours results or pre-university certificate and Reeze nomerat academic record. This means the original documents, not just a Ministry of Justice translation. If you submit translations only we will ask you once again for how to get rid of zit on nose documents and your evaluation will be placed on hold.
Special instructions for Islamic Azad University graduates:. This is especially the case when it come to official documents. D and Seiseki Shomeisho Transcript. D and Songjokpyo Transcript of Scholastic Records. Certificate of Maturity e. Brandos Atestatas Academic Record issued by the institution attended and Academic Record issued by the institution attended.
Note: these will ccmj always be separate documents, it is possible they are listed together as one document. Bachelor, Master, Doctor and Academic Record issued by the institution attended. Higher Secondary Certificate, Proficiency Certificate, Intermediate Certificate or the Uttar Madhyama Examination Certificate issued by the appropriate board or university and Transcript issued by the appropriate board degtee university.
Applicants from Osun State University must arrange for official documents that univefsity a cover letter or Notification of Result sheet that states the your official date of graduation. ICES does not accept attested documents from the Higher Education Commission HECbut expects to see original or official documents issued directly by the awarding institution.
Please check to see what type of documents are required for your specific purpose. ICES has suspended all evaluations requests for credentials from the institutions in the list below. Although many of the institutions on the list may hold Higher Education Commission HEC of Pakistan recognition, they have been included for a number of factors. ICES reserves the right to reject evaluation requests from these institutions for these reasons.
Please do not apply if you have credentials from the following schools as they will not be accepted:. Do not submit these credentials for evaluation for an ECA. D and Transcripts of record from each institute attended. Note: For ECA purposes, only fully completed credentials qualify for the assessment. Partially completed credentials do not qualify and will be returned. D and Transcript. Please understand due to the volatile situation in Syria, the evaluation of Syrian credentials is limited.
We cannot provide assurance an ECA is possible. Cmh we have received official documents from institutions like Damascus University, institutions in other areas like Aleppo and other jurisdictions have ceased all contact. As the document requirements are mandatory, if you cannot arrange for official documents from your institution, the evaluation will not be possible. Please ensure you are able to arrange for the documents prior to applying.
Mayatom 6 and Academic Record issued by the institution attended. External examination results issued by the appropriate examining body [e.
Note: In cases when the courses taken and grades obtained are included how to verify cmj university degree the Certificate of Secondary Education, a separate attachment with courses and grades is not required.
If your country is ho listed above, please follow the regular requirements as they are listed under General Applicant Requirements or ECA Applicant Requirements for immigration. Country Specific Information. Country not on this list? International Iribal Technical University Ч Raipur. International Hw for Human Transformation Ч Raipur.
Ajeenkya D. Patil University Ч Maharashtra. Vegify Professional University Ч Arunachal Pradesh. Sardar Bhagwan Singh University Ч Uttarakhand. Saveetha Amaravati University Ч Andhra Pradesh. Arunachal University of Studies Ч Arunachal Pradesh. Asia Pasific International University Ч Raipur. Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara University Ч Karnataka.
Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences Ч Maharashtra. Bareilly International University Ч Uttar Pradesh. Krishnaguru Adhyatmik Vishwavidyalaya Ч Assam. Shri Kallaji Vedic Vishvavidyalaya Ч Rajasthan. Bhartiya Skill Development University Ч Rajasthan. Shri Rawatpura Sarkar University Ч Chhattisgarh. Shri Venkateshwara University Ч Uttar Pradesh. Madhyanchal Professional University Ч Madhya Pradesh. University Ч Punjab.
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Fatigue monitoring is characterised by using various techniques in order to examine the physiological and psychological fatigue accumulated from training and competing in sport. This is a particularly important tool for coaches, sports scientists , and other practitioners alike due to the fact that high-levels of fatigue can inhibit proper adaption to training and hinder performance in competition.
Therefore, actively monitoring fatigue levels in athletes can provide important feedback needed to adjust training in order to improve overall performance. There are several ways to monitor fatigue through different subjective e. Recently, much research has attempted to assess the validity and reliability of many of these measures e.
While many practitioners have developed well-rounded fatigue monitoring programmes, there is still a huge demand for more research to verify the best methods for tracking fatigue. Keywords : fatigue monitoring, recovery, readiness, peripheral fatigue, central fatigue, wellness questionnaires, heart rate variability, countermovement jump, rating of fatigue scale, saliva assessment, sports science. Teams ranging from professional to amateur have begun implementing their own fatigue monitoring systems with varied levels of success.
Muscle physiologists often have previously described fatigue as a decline in muscular force due to exercise . On the other hand, those in exercise science research referred to fatigue simply as an exercise-induced diminishment or impairment of performance . However, both of these definitions of fatigue fall somewhat short. While both schools of thought agree that fatigue is related to objective measures i. Since, by definition, fatigue reduces athletic performance capabilities, many have attempted to periodically measure the fatigue of their athletes so that they may adjust training protocols appropriately.
Fatigue is often sub-divided into two distinct forms :. Central fatigue is described as fatigue coming not from the muscle itself, but rather from the central nervous system CNS and the transmission of signals from the brain to the muscle . Therefore, central fatigue is related to the brain and the spinal cord . The human body is a complex system that wants to continually remain in homeostasis.
Upon performing physical work, such as training, the CNS will provide neurotransmissions which, in turn, regulate the amount of work being completed. This is done in a regulatory attempt to prevent bodily harm from occurring. The signals coming from the CNS will experience fatigue which can differ on an individual basis . It has been suggested that a significant difference between good and great athletes is their individual ability to ignore these neurotransmissions in an effort to complete the task at hand .
On the other hand, peripheral fatigue is the failure to maintain an expected power output  and can be caused by two different actions. The first being the depletion of glycogen, phosphate compounds, or acetylcholine within the muscular unit.
Secondly, peripheral fatigue can be caused by the accumulation of lactate or other metabolites that are released during activity . Therefore, peripheral fatigue occurs within the muscle . In other words, the importance and advantage of implementing a fatigue monitoring system is having the ability to see how each athlete is responding to training. Knowing when an athlete is responding well to training, versus when the athlete is not, is essential from a training prescription standpoint.
As fatigue encompasses both objective and subjective elements, it is important to include monitoring protocols which assess both facets. Listed below are some of the more commonly used, and thoroughly researched, methods of collecting data to determine fatigue. Wellness questionnaires, otherwise referred to as athlete self-report measures, are simply a questionnaire given to the athlete for them to rate how they feel.
This will often cover a range of topics such as how they slept the previous night, their current stress-level, body soreness, and how tired they feel . The list of questions, and the structure of the questionnaire, is commonly designed by the coach based on what they feel is most important for their athletes. For example, a coach working with university athletes may choose to include questions regarding school workload, as this is known to impose a certain degree of stress and limit physical adaptations .
On the other hand, a coach working with professional athletes may, of course, not choose to include this type of question for obvious reasons. There is a substantial list of various different wellness questionnaires available for coaches to use , however, it is important to understand that only some have been scientifically studied and found to be sensitive to changes in weekly training regimens .
Regardless, given their low-cost nature and ability to provide immediate feedback, wellness questionnaires work well as a fatigue monitoring tool, especially with large groups such as in a team sport setting . Rating of fatigue is one of the newest developments in fatigue monitoring, and it has so far been shown to have good face validity and high-levels of convergent validity .
This scale is designed to provide a holistic measure of how fatigued an individual feels. This is done through the use of an point Likert scale with diagrammatic selections. This two-part system seems to make the rating easier for participants and, therefore, provides a more accurate way of determining perceived fatigue levels.
Not only does the Rating of Fatigue scale appear to have a high-correlation with physiological markers, but it also appears to be capable of differentiating between perceived exertion during recovery and during exercise . These findings suggest that the Rating of Fatigue scale may be a superior way of monitoring fatigue in comparison to many traditional methods.
Countermovement jump CMJ testing is a popular method for monitoring fatigue due it is simplicity, and because it takes little time to measure . Furthermore, in a meta-analysis of research articles, it was reported that the average CMJ height is more sensitive to neuromuscular fatigue than the highest CMJ height .
HRV is simply a measure of the differences in time from heart beat to heart beat. As HRV reflects the autonomic nervous system function, and thus stress, it is frequently used in the athletic world to identify periods of optimal training, monitor recovery status, and to flag any potential overtraining .
One of the main drawbacks of using HRV is that it is somewhat difficult and time-consuming to measure. HRV requires an athlete to be at complete rest and as relaxed as possible for the most accurate measure .
This could be time-consuming, as getting an athlete to relax can potentially take several minutes or more. Other variables, such as body positioning e. Due to the high number of variables involved in this measurement, it is suggested that HRV should not be used as a sole measure of fatigue and readiness, but rather in conjunction with other testing protocols .
While historically not the most popular method used, testing hormonal levels in saliva has been shown to provide an accurate measure of fatigue . For example, throughout a rugby match, levels of cortisol have been shown to increase to around 2. On the other hand, testosterone levels appear to decrease. During the 5-day recovery period, cortisol levels appear to be lower, and testosterone levels higher, in comparison to baseline testing, which can result in a high testosterone-cortisol ratio .
The high testosterone-cortisol ratio observed after competition, and during recovery, is most likely required to restore the break-down of homeostasis induced by the rugby match . By looking at the testosterone-cortisol ratio in comparison to their baseline scores, the practitioner can determine how an athlete is coping with training or competition, as well as how they are recovering. The advantage of testing markers found in saliva is that they can be very accurate .
However, performing these tests requires expensive equipment and resources, therefore limiting their practicality. Click here to read more about testing salivary biomarkers. In summary, no matter what test is chosen, it is important to have solid baseline measures. It should also be understood that comparing test findings with a baseline measure from different phases of the year than you are currently in e. For example, if an athlete is in the middle of a competitive season, the baseline measure should be from the beginning of that competitive season.
This way the baseline data is generated while the athlete is in a physical and mental state most similar to that in which they will be training and performing in moving forward.
While much research has been conducted on the topic of fatigue monitoring, there is still a significant lack evidence to draw definitive conclusions into which protocols are best, or at least most applicable.
As a result, future research into the topic needs to be conducted in order to find the best, and most practical, methods for monitoring athlete readiness. Future research topics should look to:. Methods of fatigue monitoring that are easy to implement and use on a consistent basis need to be addressed more thoroughly in the coming years. Eventually, the goal should be to have a scientifically proven method, or methods, that every coach with basic tools and knowledge can implement and use successfully.
It is easy to see how this could be extremely important for the coach looking to take their athlete to the next level, however, fatigue monitoring is not a simple subject. There are numerous subjective and objective practices that can be used to monitor each athlete, some of which are much simpler than others, and some methods are better supported by research. Before implementing a fatigue monitoring system, the practitioner should determine which methods are supported by research, which ones they have the capabilities of using, and also which one is best suited to the athletes they are working with.
Having a consistent and accurate set of data to work with will give the best results and, in turn, have the best positive effect on the training of each athlete. Some coaches believe that reading one article will make them an expert on Sports Science.
Sports Science entails many, many topics. To make you an expert coach and make your life as easy as possible, we highly suggest you now check out this article on Maximal Aerobic Speed. Reference List click here to open. Devin currently works in the private sector in Dallas, TX where he trains mainly professional basketball athletes. He graduated from the University of Oklahoma with a B.
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It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The Answer: The Performance Digest. By Devin Wyatt 3rd Dec 17 6 min read. Why is Monitoring Fatigue important?
Summary Fatigue monitoring is characterised by using various techniques in order to examine the physiological and psychological fatigue accumulated from training and competing in sport. What is Fatigue? Fatigue is often sub-divided into two distinct forms : Central fatigue Peripheral fatigue Central fatigue Central fatigue is described as fatigue coming not from the muscle itself, but rather from the central nervous system CNS and the transmission of signals from the brain to the muscle .
Peripheral fatigue On the other hand, peripheral fatigue is the failure to maintain an expected power output  and can be caused by two different actions. How to Monitor Fatigue As fatigue encompasses both objective and subjective elements, it is important to include monitoring protocols which assess both facets.
Subjective tests Wellness Questionnaires Wellness questionnaires, otherwise referred to as athlete self-report measures, are simply a questionnaire given to the athlete for them to rate how they feel. Rating of Fatigue Scale Rating of fatigue is one of the newest developments in fatigue monitoring, and it has so far been shown to have good face validity and high-levels of convergent validity .
Objective tests Countermovement Jump Countermovement jump CMJ testing is a popular method for monitoring fatigue due it is simplicity, and because it takes little time to measure . Click here to read more about Heart Rate Variability HRV Saliva Measures While historically not the most popular method used, testing hormonal levels in saliva has been shown to provide an accurate measure of fatigue .