What is a communist party in china

what is a communist party in china

How Communist Is China?

Chinese Communist Party (CCP), also called Communist Party of China (CPC), Chinese (Pinyin) Zhongguo Gongchan Dang or (Wade-Giles romanization) Chung-kuo Kung-ch’an Tang, political party of China. Since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in , the CCP has been in sole control of that country’s government. Nov 13,  · The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) began as an informal study group that met in Shanghai starting in The first Party Congress was held in Shanghai in July Some 57 members, including Mao Zedong, attended the meeting.

During her years at the Chinese Communist Party's top training center and think tank, the outspoken professor had surprised many with her liberal ideas and support for democratic reform. More recently, she caused a stir with a spate of scathing denunciations of China's ruling elite and the country's leader Xi Jinping -- a rare rebuke from a longtime insider that led to her expulsion from the Party earlier this week.

In an interview with CNN from the United States, where she has lived since last year, Cai went a step further by calling on the US government to double down on its hardline approach towards Beijing. She said she supported the Trump administration's ban on telecommunications giant Huawei, which How many miles from chicago to mount rushmore claims is a national security risk due to its alleged connection to the Chinese government -- an allegation Huawei has repeatedly denied.

Cai also called for sanctions on top Chinese officials and appealed to the international community to join hands in stopping the Communist Party from "infiltrating" global institutions and spreading Xi's "totalitarian" ideals. Read More. Cai said she had been stranded by the coronavirus pandemic after arriving in the US last year as a tourist. She declined to disclose more details about her current situation or plans for the future, citing fears over her personal safety.

Since coming to power in lateXi has consolidated his position and authority over the Party, which ranks among the world's largest political organizations with 90 million members. He has unleashed a sweeping crackdown on political dissent, civil society and the mostly Muslim Uyghur minority in the Xinjiang region, and tightened control over Hong Kong, a former British colony that was promised a high degree of autonomy when it was returned to Chinese rule in Now, according to Cai, the Communist Party aims "to replace the free and democratic system of modern mankind represented by the United States, and the values and order of peace, democracy, freedom and justice," with its own model of governance.

Cai's comments come as relations between the US and China deteriorate to their lowest point in decades. The world's two largest economies have sparred in nearly every aspect of their bilateral relationship, including on trade, technology, human rights, and financial flows.

The Trump administration has moved to decouple the two economies, including most recently issuing executive orders that would ban popular Chinese mobile apps from operating in the US.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has portrayed China as an existential threat to the US, giving a speech in July that called for "the free world to triumph over this new tyranny We must not continue it. The Chinese government has repeatedly rejected similar accusations.

China does not export ideology, and never interferes in other countries' internal affairs," Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said earlier this month. Criticism from overseas is of course easier to deflect than criticism at home. Cai, 67, is one of a small but growing number of prominent insider voices who have spoken out against the Party and its authoritarian turn under Xi.

But her decades-long career as a Communist Party scholar and adviser has given her criticism a special weight -- and dealt an embarrassing blow to the Party. On Wednesday, the Global Times, a Chinese government-run tabloid, called Cai's recent public remarks a "blatant betrayal" to China that is "totally indefensible," and accused her of colluding "with external forces to hurt the interests of the motherland.

The Central Party School, where Cai taught for 14 years before retiring inannounced on What is a communist party in china that she had been expelled from the Party for "making remarks that have serious political problems and damaged the country's reputation.

The announcement offered scant details, but Cai said the school's internal statement listed three things that led to her removal: a short essay she wrote in May that decried How to update ipod mc086ll national security law on Hong Kong as "brutalizing the Hong Kong people," a leaked audio recording in which she labeled the Party a "political zombie" and referred to Xi as acting like a "mafia boss," and an online petition she signed in February calling for freedom of speech following the death of Li Wenliang, the Wuhan doctor who was reprimanded by police for attempting to raise the alarm about the country's coronavirus outbreak.

Li later died after catching the virus. Cai said she shared the essay and speech with friends in private and had not expected her words to make waves online. Both were swiftly censored in China but circulated widely overseas. But now that she no longer belongs to the Party, she said she felt obliged to speak out publicly. An insider-turned critic. For more than three decades, Cai had closely dissected the Party from within.

Throughout her academic career, she examined its internal workings and ideologies. She taught class after class of officials, first at a local Party school in her home province of Jiangsu and later at the Central Party School in Beijing -- the elite training ground for China's most senior cadres and political rising stars. Her research focus later shifted from ideology to democratic political transition, in the hope that the Party could one day begin to reform itself internally by allowing wider intra-party democracy.

But it was from the inside that Cai watched the Communist Party, which is the sole governing party within mainland China, taking a harder stance on internal debates and dissent. Under former President Hu Jintao, Xi's predecessor, dissent was still tolerated -- although the space was already shrinking, Cai said. Since Xi came to power, however, intra-party democracy has become nothing but an empty name, she added. Chinese billionaire who criticized Xi Jinping over coronavirus under investigation.

Last month, the Party expelled Ren Zhiqiangan influential real estate tycoon and longtime Party member, for "serious violation" of Party discipline and law, after he penned an essay criticizing Xi's response to the coronavirus epidemic. In a statementthe Party's disciplinary watchdog accused Ren of not toeing the Party line on "major matters of principle," "smearing the Party and country's image," and being "disloyal and dishonest with the Party.

Cai had previously voiced support for Ren when the outspoken tycoon was silenced from Chinese social media in after he what is a communist party in china Xi's order that all state-run media must stay loyal to the Party in comments online. This time, she penned an essay in his defense, calling Ren the latest victim of Xi's "ruthless crackdown" on dissent what are white holes in space the Party.

Speaking to CNN, Cai said Xi's "reign of terror" did not come from a position of strength -- instead, it exposed his deep sense of insecurity. That's why he launched round after round of purges inside the Party," she said. In the current political climate, few dare to speak up publicly, Cai said. The information conveyed upwards is false, and there is no more scientific, democratic, open and transparent decision making," she said.

Cai Xia, an insider-turned critic, has been expelled from the Chinese Communist Party. Some critics have blamed China's slow initial response to the coronavirus outbreak on its political system and culture of discouraging lower-level officials from reporting unpleasant truths.

In the early days of the outbreak in Wuhan, where the virus first emerged, healthcare workers like Doctor Li Wenliang were punished for trying to sound the alarm. Wuhan officials later admitted they had not disclosed information on the coronavirus "in a timely fashion. But the Chinese government eventually managed to contain the outbreakafter imposing stringent lockdown measures that brought much of the country to a halt.

As the virus spread to other parts of the world, however, many governments, including the United States, have floundered in their own attempts to curb its spread. As of Sunday, the coronavirus has infected more than 23 million people and claimed overlives worldwide, according to Johns Hopkins University.

Cai accused the Chinese government of initially covering up the outbreak and causing the virus to wreak havoc across the globe -- a claim which Chinese officials have repeatedly and strenuously denied. Propelled by this view and the US-China trade war, Cai said countries are no longer willing to appease China, as they now have a "clear picture of Xi. Cai was born into a so-called "red family" -- her grandfather joined the Party in the early years of its founding and her parents fought in the Communist revolution that brought the Party to power.

She had a strict upbringing, ingrained with her parents' revolutionary belief that the people should be freed and empowered to rule the country. When Cai was a young teenager, Chairman Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolutionunleashing ten years of political and social turmoil.

InCai traveled to Beijing and joined thousands of student paramilitaries, known as the Red Guardswho gathered fervently in a rally in Tiananmen Square to greet Mao. But she said she also witnessed the terror of the movement, including the brutal beatings of teachers. It scarred me deeply, and since then I've always been on alert that our country cannot return to that era," she said.

Cai said she believes there is widespread discontent within the Party over Xi's policy directions, especially among the generation of officials who went to college after the Cultural Revolution, rose through the Party ranks during former leader Deng Xiaoping's reform and opening era in the s, and witnessed China's rapid economic and social development in the ensuing decades.

But she said there is little chance for any form of opposition to organize under What is a communist party in china heavy-handed rule. Cai holds a grim view for the future. Xi is leading the country away from the path of reform and opening, she said. Without internal reforms, conflicts and tensions will build how to make chipotle ketchup and one day erupt all at once, causing the sudden collapse of the Party-state system and plunging the country into chaos, according to Cai.

Xi, for his part, has repeatedly said he is committed to reforming China. What should not or cannot be reformed, we will resolutely not reform," he said in a speech commemorating the 40th anniversary of Deng's policy of reform and opening in A man stands and watches a large screen during President Xi Jinping's speech commemorating the 40th anniversary of China's policy of reform and opening on December 18, But according to Cai, the only way to prevent future calamity, is to replace Xi as the top leader, who she accused of "kidnapping" the country.

But that might not happen anytime soon. Xi was expected to step down inbut inhe abolished the presidential term limitclearing the way for him to stay in power indefinitely.

For now, Cai said she was happy to be expelled from the Party, which she said no longer resembled the Party she grew up believing in.

She had already wanted to quit inwhen Ren, the property tycoon and fellow Party member, was silenced on social media. Cai spoke out in Ren's defense, only to be warned herself by the Party to hush up.

She argued that she had the right to speak up as a citizen.

Party structure

The Government remains under the thumb of the Communist Party of China. In addition, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) also known as the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is the founding and ruling party of the People’s Republic of China. Till today the party rules China with complete power. The Communist Party of China was formed in It was under Mao Zedong's control in Eventually, Mao led a revolution, and the communist party obtained control in They followed the example of the soviet model of development through heavy industry with . Aug 23,  · Now, according to Cai, the Communist Party aims "to replace the free and democratic system of modern mankind represented by the United States, and the values and order of peace, democracy, freedom.

The CCP was founded as both a political party and a revolutionary movement in by revolutionaries such as Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu. Those two men and others had come out of the May Fourth Movement and had turned to Marxism after the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Revolution of The CCP joined with the Nationalist Party in , and the alliance proved enormously successful at first.

However, in , after the Nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek Jiang Jieshi turned violently against the communists and ousted them from Shanghai , the CCP was driven underground. It was during the march that Mao achieved the leadership position in the CCP that he held until his death in Other important leaders who supported him in that period were Zhou Enlai and Zhu De.

By the end of the war , the party controlled base areas of some million people and had an experienced army and a workable political program of alliance between peasants, workers, the middle class, and small capitalists. Liu, Deng, and several other pragmatist leaders fell from power during the Cultural Revolution. An uneasy truce between radicals and pragmatists held from until , when Zhou Enlai and Mao himself died. Restrictions on art and education were relaxed, and revolutionary ideology was de-emphasized.

Zhao was succeeded by Jiang Zemin in , and Hu Jintao was elected general secretary in Hu was then followed as general secretary by Xi Jinping , who was elected to the post in With more than 85 million members, the CCP is one of the largest political parties in the world. It is a monolithic , monopolistic party that dominates the political life of China. It is the major policy-making body in China, and it sees that the central, provincial, and local organs of government carry out those policies.

Once every five years or so, a National Party Congress of some 2, delegates the number varies meets in plenary session to elect a Central Committee of about full members, which in turn meets at least once annually. In practice, power flows from the top down in the CCP.

The general secretary of the Secretariat is formally the highest-ranking official of the party. The CCP has basic-level party organizations in cities, towns, villages, neighbourhoods, major workplaces, schools, and so on.

Chinese Communist Party. Article Introduction History Party structure Show more. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History.

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