A Guide to Operating Locks
Mar 05, · Seeing as trading routes and crossroads were of economic importance for the region, systems of navigable waterways, including canals, began to be created. Locks were built to enable the canals to cross the hills which separated the various river basins. The frequency of the locks depended on the gradient to be climbed. About canal locks. A lock consists of a lock chamber which is brick, stone or metal and holds the water. To allow boats to get in and out, and to keep the water in, there are gates at each end of the lock. Sometimes there is one single lock gate, other times there are two double gates, and these are pushed open by balance beams on the gates.
Canal locks are not difficult to operate, but they do need a degree of physical fitness, manual dexterity and some effort. Take your time when first working the canal locks, learn the steps involved and you will soon become proficient and feel at ease. Children can help with locks, but please make sure they are physically able and always supervised. Part of the fun of the canals is the locks, so please stay safe, but involve all your what is anaphylaxis action plan. If you are not sure what to do, there are usually other boaters or canal users around who are friendly and will lend a hand.
If necessary, moor up and watch other people working the lock until you feel confident to give it a go. Canal locks are the way in which canals can go up and over hills by altering the level of water of the canal.
Simply put, you go into the lock when it is nearly empty, fill it up and then cruise out the other end. This what is a lock in a canal the boat up to a higher canal level, or if going the other way lowers the boat down to a lower level if you are letting water out of the lock.
A lock consists of a lock chamber which is brick, stone or metal and holds the water. To allow boats to get in and out, and to keep the water in, there are gates at each end of the lock. Sometimes there is one single lock gate, other times there are two double what is a lock in a canal, and these are pushed open by balance beams on the gates.
It is only possible to open a gate when the water levels on both sides are the same. So, the top lock will only open when the lock is full of water, and the how to remove background from photo in photoshop elements 10 gate only opens when the lock is empty or nearly empty.
There are paddles on locks which are raised and lowered to control the water flow and alter the level. The cill is a large raised ledge at the top end of the lock which the top gate shuts against. So, how does a lock work on a canal? There are no pumps or electric motors except on some of the larger commercial traffic or guillotine locks.
Narrow locks are wide enough for one boat, what size bra does pam anderson wear wide locks generally hold two boats side by side.
They are predominantly found in the South or on wide or barge canals. Windlass - You will require a windlass for winding the canal lock paddle mechanism up and down - this is an L shaped handle which is fitted to the spindle on the paddle.
Always wind paddles slowly, checking to see what effect the water is having on your boat. Anti-vandal how to hack mobile phones with bluetooth link included - You may also require a Waterways Authority key or anti-vandal key to unlock the canal lock paddle mechanism — ask your marina about this when you collect the boat.
Sluices — These are channels in the lock which enable water to pass from one area to another. Paddle gear — This can either be hydraulic or rack and pinion. On the rack and pinion type there is a safety catch or pawl which stops the gears from slipping down and keeps the paddle raised when the windlass is removed. When you have finished winding paddles check the pawl is in position and then take off the windlass.
Lock landing — This is a section of the towpath either above or below the lock for boats to moor and either wait to enter the lock or let crew how to make photo corners for scrapbooking the boat. They can also be pontoons reached by a ladder. If this needs adjusting, put the safety catch pawl in place and then start again. Should the safety catch pawl disconnect and the paddle drop your windlass handle could spin round and you may either lose it in the canal or it could hit someone.
To release the safety catch pawlwind the paddle up a little, take the strain with the windlass, then remove the safety catch pawl and wind down the paddle.
When you arrive at a lock, moor up and send at least one of your crew to check whether it's full of water or empty, or if another boat is already using the lock. If the lock is in use, moor up far enough away to avoid the currents while it is being emptied. If the lock is empty of water, open the gates by pushing against the balance beams. Take the boat in steadily then close the gates. Try to keep the boat in the middle of the lock to avoid anything catching as the water rises.
If the lock is full of water, moor up below the lock whilst your crew empty the lock by slowly raising the paddles. When the lock is empty, go in. When the gates are closed, your crew can then move to the far end of the lock and slowly open the top, 'ground' paddles. These are situated either side of the lock, winding up the ground paddles, followed by any centre lock paddles, if fitted, to fill the lock. Always wind slowly to avoid making a tidal wave in the lock which will throw the boat backwards against the bottom gates.
Leave the pawl or safety catch in place whilst raising the paddles. Once the paddles are up and you are happy with the flow and its effect on the boat, remove the windlass from the mechanism. If you find you need to control the movement of the boat, do it with gentle bursts of throttle - forward if the boat is moving backwards, reverse if the boat is moving forwards.
Your crew must understand the importance of opening the paddles slowly, to prevent the boat moving about too much in the lock. When the lock is full, open the top gate and steer the boat out of the lock. Whilst you are doing this, your crew will shut the top paddles.
They then shut the gate behind the boat while you moor up for them to get back on board. If another boat is coming towards you, your crew should leave the gate open for them. If the lock is full, the crew can open the gate and you can steer the boat in.
However, if the lock is empty and no boat is approaching from below, the lock will need to be filled by winding up the paddles nearest to your boat. When the lock is full open the gate and steer in. Close the gate and lower the paddles.
Keep the back of your boat clear of the cill on the top gates. Open the paddles to the front of the boat to empty the lock. As the lock empties, continue to look behind you to check that the back of the boat is clear of the cill. Use gentle bursts of throttle to keep the boat steady.
When the water levels are equal steer, the boat out of the lock. Close the gates and lower the paddles before you continue your journey unless another boat is coming towards you. You should always ensure the safety of your boat, yourself, your crew, children, pets and bystanders. These are some points to help:. A windlass dropped onto bare toes can be extremely painful! Avoid wearing anything around the neck such as long necklaces, cameras and shoulder bags which can catch on the windlass or in the paddle mechanism.
If a Lock keeper is on duty, always follow their instructions. You will usually be expected to operate the locks yourself, but under instruction or supervision.
Some locks, particularly on rivers are always operated by Lock-keepers. Most locks, however, are self-operated. If the water is in your favour, you have right of way; if the water is against you then a boat seen coming towards you has right of way, as they can make use of the water.
You may have to wait a few minutes for the oncoming boat to get into a position to use the lock - please be patient. Do not be tempted to use lock moorings for overnight stays or moor there for longer than it takes to lock as you will be obstructing other users. Explore our selection of canal routes and locations and find the perfect holiday on the water for you.
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How do canal locks works? What is a canal lock? About canal locks A lock consists of a lock chamber which is brick, stone or metal and holds the water. Locks are worked by water pressure and user muscle power! Again, when you arrive at the lock, moor up and send your crew to check the lock. If a boat is coming towards you as you exit the lock, leave the gates open for them.
Feb 25, · Lock, enclosure or basin located in the course of a canal or a river (or in the vicinity of a dock) with gates at each end, within which the water level may be varied to raise or lower boats. The dimensions of the lock chamber are determined by the size of vessels using the waterway.
Lock , enclosure or basin located in the course of a canal or a river or in the vicinity of a dock with gates at each end, within which the water level may be varied to raise or lower boats.
Where the required lift is of considerable height, a series of connected but isolable basins, or locks, is used. Single locks of greater rise are known—e. Anthony in Minnesota. A navigation lock consists of a rectangular chamber with fixed sides, movable ends, and facilities for filling and emptying: when a lock is filled to the level of the upper pound, the upstream gates are opened for vessels to pass; after closing of the upstream gates, water is drawn out until the lock level is again even with the lower pound, and the downstream gates are opened.
Filling or emptying of the chamber is effected by manually or mechanically operated sluices. In small canals these may be on the gates, but on larger canals they are on culverts incorporated in the lock structure, with openings into the chamber through the sidewalls or floor. While the sizes of the culverts and openings govern the speed of filling or emptying the chamber, the number and location of the openings determine the extent of the water disturbance in the chamber: the design must be directed toward obtaining a maximum speed of operation with minimum turbulence.
The dimensions of the chamber are determined by the size of vessels using, or likely to use, the waterway. Where the traffic is dense, duplicate or multiple chambers may be required; in long chambers, intermediate gates allow individual vessels to be passed. The movable lock gates must be strong enough to withstand the water pressure arising from the level difference between adjacent pounds.
The most generally used are mitre gates consisting of two leaves, the combined lengths of which exceed the lock width by about 10 percent. Mitre gates can be operated only after water levels on each side have been equalized. On small canals, gates may be manually operated by a lever arm extending over the lock side; on large canals, hydraulic, mechanical, or electrical power is used.
The mitred canal gate, angled into the downward force of the stream and replacing the earlier vertical lift gate, may have been invented by Leonardo da Vinci for the San Marco Lock in Milan , making possible the interconnection, formerly prevented by their different levels, of the Martesana Canal and the Naviglio Grande. Vertical gates, counterweighted and lifted by winch or other gearing mounted on an overhead gantry, can operate against water pressure; as the gate leaves the sill, water enters the chamber, supplementing or replacing the culvert supply.
The turbulence is more difficult to control, and the overhead gantries impose restrictions on masts and other superstructures of a vessel. The use of sector gates, which turn into recesses in the wall, depends on the physical characteristics of the site and on the traffic using the waterway; falling gates lower into recesses in the forebay, and rolling gates run on rails into deep recesses in the lock walls.
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Read More on This Topic. On canalized rivers and artificial canals, the waterway consists of a series of level steps formed by impounding barriers through which Locks on the Midi Canal, Fonserannes, France. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. On canalized rivers and artificial canals, the waterway consists of a series of level steps formed by impounding barriers through which vessels pass by a navigation lock.
Basically, this device consists of a rectangular chamber with fixed sides, movable ends, and facilities for filling…. The locks themselves are of uniform length, width, and depth and were built in pairs to permit the simultaneous transit…. An obvious condition for the success of such an arrangement is that the strata of the bed under the enclosed dock area be sufficiently impervious to preclude any significant loss of water through the bottom during low-tide conditions.
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