Different Types of Hernia in Men
Dec 19, · Different hiatal hernia types exist. The most common is a type I hernia where the place where the esophagus and stomach meet goes upward through the Author: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA. May 10, · Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernias. 1 ?? The inguinal canal is where the testes descend before birth. The canal contains the spermatic cord and blood vessels. An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue (like fat or intestines) protrudes through a weakness in your abdominal cavity near your groin.
A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body part protrudes through the wall of muscle or tissue that normally contains it. Most hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips. Inguinal and femoral hernias are due to weakened muscles that may have been present since birth, or are associated with what happened to jimmy palmer on ncis and repeated strains on the abdominal and groin areas.
Such strain may come from physical exertion, obesity, pregnancy, frequent coughing, or straining on the toilet due to constipation. Adults may get an umbilical hernia by straining the abdominal area, being overweight, having a long-lasting heavy cough or after giving birth.
The cause of hiatal hernias is not fully understood, but a weakening of the diaphragm with age or pressure on the abdomen could play a part. A hernia in the abdomen or groin can produce a noticeable lump or bulge that can be pushed back in, or that can disappear when lying down. Laughing, crying, coughing, straining during a bowel movement, or physical activity may make the lump reappear after it has been pushed in.
More symptoms of a hernia include:. In the case of hiatal hernias there are no bulges on the outside of the body. Instead, symptoms may include heartburnindigestion, difficulty swallowing, frequent regurgitation bringing food back up and chest pain. It is usually possible to see or feel a bulge in the area where a hernia has occurred by physical exam.
In some cases, soft-tissue imaging like a CT scan will accurately diagnose the condition. When you have a hernia, treatment will start with your primary care provider. In fact, ventral hernia repairs are one of the most common operations U. A neglected hernia can grow larger and more painful — this can lead to complications and possibly emergency surgery. Early repair is more successful, less risky and offers a better recovery and outcome.
Hernias usually do not get better on their own, and surgery may be the only way to repair them. However, your doctor will recommend the best therapy to address your hernia, and may refer you to a surgeon. If how to become a java developer fast surgeon thinks it is necessary to repair your hernia, then the surgeon will tailor the method of repair that best meets your needs. In the case of an umbilical hernia in a child, surgery may be recommended if the hernia is large or if it has not healed by the age of 4 to 5 years how to start a food truck in tennessee. By this age, a child can usually avoid surgical complications.
If an adult has an umbilical hernia, surgery is usually recommended because the condition will not likely improve on its own and the risk of complications is higher. Each type of surgery has its advantages and disadvantages.
Other than umbilical hernias in babies, hernias will not disappear on their own. Over time, a hernia can grow larger and more painful or can develop complications. After surgery, you will be given instructions. These include what diet to follow, how to care for the incision site, and how to take care to avoid physical strain.
Hernias may recur regardless of the repair operations. This is sometimes caused by inherent tissue weakness or protracted healing. Smoking and obesity are also major risk factors for hernia recurrence. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.
Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Hernia A hernia happens when an internal organ pushes through a weak spot in your muscle or tissue.
There are several types of hernia that you can experience including, inguinal hernias, femoral hernias, umbilical hernias and hiatal hernias. Appointments The most common forms of hernia are: Inguinal hernia : In men, the inguinal canal is a passageway for the spermatic cord and blood vessels leading to the testicles. In women, the inguinal canal contains the round ligament that gives support for the womb.
In an inguinal hernia, fatty tissue or a part of the intestine pokes into the groin at the top of the what kind of hernias are there thigh.
This is the most common type of hernia, and affects men more often than women. Femoral hernia : Fatty tissue or part of the intestine protrudes into the groin at the top of the inner thigh. Femoral hernias are much less common than inguinal hernias and mainly affect older women.
Umbilical hernia : Fatty tissue or part of the intestine pushes through the abdomen near the navel belly button. Hiatal hiatus hernia : Part of the stomach pushes up into the chest cavity through an opening in the diaphragm the horizontal sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. Other types of hernias include: Incisional hernia : Tissue protrudes through the site of an abdominal scar from a remote abdominal or pelvic operation.
Epigastric hernia : Fatty tissue protrudes through the abdominal area between the navel and lower part of the sternum breastbone. Spigelian hernia : The intestine pushes through the abdomen at the side of the abdominal muscle, below the navel. Diaphragmatic hernia : Organs in the abdomen move into the chest through an opening in the diaphragm. How common are hernias? Symptoms and Causes What causes a hernia? What how to speak hello in spanish the symptoms of a hernia?
More symptoms of a hernia include: Swelling or bulge in the groin or scrotum the what kind of hernias are there that contains the testicles. Increased pain at the site of the bulge. Pain while lifting. Increase in the bulge size over time.
A dull aching sensation. A sense of feeling full or signs of bowel obstruction. Diagnosis and Tests How is a hernia diagnosed? Management and Treatment What kind of doctor do you see for a hernia? How is a hernia treated? One of three types of hernia surgery can be performed: Open surgeryin which a cut is made into the body at the location of the hernia. The protruding tissue is set back in place and the weakened muscle wall is stitched back together.
Sometimes a type of mesh is implanted in the area to provide extra support. Laparoscopic surgery involves the same type of repairs. However, instead of a cut to the outside of the abdomen or groin, tiny incisions are made to allow for the insertion of surgical tools to complete the procedure.
Robotic hernia repairlike laparoscopic surgery, uses a laparoscope, and is performed with small incisions. With robotic surgery, the surgeon is seated at a console in the operating room, and handles the surgical instruments from the console. While robotic surgery can be used for some smaller hernias, or weak areas, it can now also be used to reconstruct the abdominal wall.
What can happen if a hernia is not treated? Complications of an untreated inguinal or femoral hernia may include: Obstruction incarceration : Part of the intestine becomes stuck in the inguinal canal, causing nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and a painful lump in the groin.
Strangulation : Part of the intestine is trapped in a way that cuts off its blood supply. In such cases, emergency surgery within hours of occurring is necessary to prevent tissue death. Prevention How can a hernia be prevented? Maintain ideal body weight by eating a healthy diet and exercising.
Eat enough fruits, vegetables and whole grains to avoid constipation. Use correct form when lifting weights or heavy objects.
Avoid lifting anything that is beyond your ability. See a doctor when you are ill with persistent coughs or sneezing. Show More.
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A hernia is usually treated with surgery. There are three main types of hernia surgery; open hernia repair, laproscopic hernia repair and robotic hernia repair. What is open hernia repair surgery? Open hernia repair is where an incision, or cut, is made in the groin. The hernia “sac” containing the bulging intestine is identified.
Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile. Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. A hernia through the abdomen can occur as a result of exercising, coughing, straining on the toilet, lifting heavy objects, or even during sex.
Hernias generally result from weak areas in your abdominal muscles and ligaments, causing your intestines or blood vessels to pass through and bulge. Men commonly describe the sensation of a hernia as feeling like something has popped, or given way.
The name of a hernia relates to its location on the body. These are some of the types that may be seen in men. Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernias. The canal contains the spermatic cord and blood vessels. An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue like fat or intestines protrudes through a weakness in your abdominal cavity near your groin. The herniated part can then travel through the opening and into the groin or the scrotum.
Inguinal hernias can generally be pushed back or even slide back and forth on their own. However, if the segment of intestine gets stuck and strangulates, that is an emergency—but it can be fixed with minimally-invasive surgery. Umbilical hernias occur when the abdominal wall is weakened at the point of the umbilical cord belly button.
It is the second most common type of hernia in adults. These types of hernias tend to protrude outward from your belly button. These hernias can also generally be reduced manually or repaired with surgery. Epigastric hernias are protrusions of fat or sometimes intestine through the abdominal wall between the navel and the breastbone.
A ventral, or incisional, hernia occurs when scar tissue weakens the abdominal wall after a surgical procedure or as a result of trauma. These hernias can occur anywhere on the abdomen where you have a scar, like the midline or lateral edges. An obturator hernia occurs when part of the intestine passes through the gap between the bones of the front of the pelvis.
A hiatal hernia is one that happens internally and is not visible from the outside. It occurs when the upper part of the stomach protrudes through a hole hiatus in the diaphragm, an area usually occupied by the esophagus.
It can be associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD. More common in women, femoral hernias occur when part of the intestine protrudes through the femoral canal and protrudes through at the top of the thigh. In most cases hernias are benign and do not cause long-term problems.
This does not mean you should ignore them if you see them. It's always best to seek medical advice if you notice a change in your body. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life.
Inguinal hernias: diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. Umbilical hernia. StatPearls [Internet]. Updated September 29, Sfara A, Dumitrascu DL. The management of hiatal hernia: an update on diagnosis and treatment. Med Pharm Rep. Your Privacy Rights. To change or withdraw your consent choices for VerywellHealth. At any time, you can update your settings through the "EU Privacy" link at the bottom of any page. These choices will be signaled globally to our partners and will not affect browsing data.
We and our partners process data to: Actively scan device characteristics for identification. I Accept Show Purposes. Symptoms and Treatment of Inguinal Hernia. An Overview of Umbilical Hernia. Epigastric Hernia Diagnosis and Treatment. An Overview of Hiatal Hernia.
Overview of Femoral Hernia Surgery. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
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How Hernias Present in Women.