7 Signs That Your Blood Sugar Levels Are Too High
Oct 25, · Blood sugar control is at the center of any diabetes treatment plan. High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, is a major concern, and can affect people with both type 1 . Aug 11, · Feeling tired may be the most common early sign of high blood sugar, Dr. Hatipoglu says. It’s also one that can occur, to a mild degree, with even the mild and normal blood sugar fluctuations that.
As ofmore than 34 million people in the U. In addition to that, there are about 88 million U. Given this situation, it is vital to know the signs of high blood sugar and to seek medical care if you experience them, Dr.
Hatipoglu says along with getting tested if you are asymptomatic but have risk factors. This is more often a concern for someone with diabetes than it what r the symptoms of high blood sugar for someone without it. Our bodies are typically pretty great at keeping our blood sugar in perfect balance, Deena AdimoolamM.
But in some situations, like when a person has diabetes, high blood sugar can happen. This keeps the amount of glucose in the blood within a pretty tight range. Adimoolam says. Low blood sugar—known in the medical community as hypoglycemia—happens when your blood sugar level drops below normal, according to the National Institutes of Health NIH.
But when someone has diabetes, this finely tuned system gets thrown out of whack. If someone has prediabetes, their blood glucose will be higher than normal but not quite in the type 2 diabetes range yet, per the NIDDK. And in type 1 diabetesthe body does not make insulin or makes very little. In any case, the result is extra sugar hanging around the bloodstream, making dugar feel like total crap in the short term and putting your health at risk in the long term. Someone who has been diagnosed with diabetes will be familiar with how it feels to have hyperglycemia.
If you have diabetes, you can also keep tabs on your blood sugar by testing it regularly. But for the millions of people who have diabetes or prediabetes and are unaware of it, knowing the signs of high blood sugar could prompt them to seek care and get a diagnosis as soon as possible. Feeling tired may be the most common early sign of high blood sugar, Dr.
Hatipoglu says. Of course, tiredness is a pretty nonspecific symptom and can even be suvar sign of what are narwhal tusks used for blood sugaras Dr. Adimoolam points out. If you notice fatigue regularly occurring right after you eat, though—especially a carb-heavy meal—it may have to do with rising blood sugar hhigh.
Hatipoglu explains. This makes you have to visit the bathroom more than usual. This is a natural effect of peeing more, Dr. Adimoolam explains, because your body becomes dehydrated. The dehydration also becomes cyclical, the Mayo Clinic explains: The more you pee, the thirstier you are, the more you drink, the more you peeand so on. Dehydration from any cause can trigger headaches, Dr. The dehydration can also worsen your fatigue in addition to your headaches, by the way.
When there is excess sugar in the blood, it can affect some unexpected areas in the body, like your eyes, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Essentially, extra sugar along with a little water gets trapped in the lens in the middle of the eye, causing a blurred effect, Dr. This is temporary and not the same as the damage to the eye that can occur in the long term with a condition like diabetes.
These seemingly disparate symptoms are all signs of a rare and life-threatening state called diabetic ketoacidosis DKAaccording to the U.
National Library of Medicine. DKA can cause the symptoms above, as well as stomach paintrouble breathingdry or flushed skin, fruity-smelling breath, or difficulty paying attention. It usually occurs if people with type 1 diabetes and is sometimes the first sign they are sick, according to the U. More rarely, DKA can occur to a milder degree in type 2 diabetes.
DKA happens when the liver is unable what r the symptoms of high blood sugar use the sugar in the blood for energy without insulin and begins to break down body fat into a type of fuel called ketones at such a high rate that they become toxic and make the blood acidic, the U. National Library of Medicine explains. DKA can be fatal if left untreated, so anyone experiencing these symptoms should seek care immediately.
This makes it harder for your whah to fight off some infectionsmaking them more frequent, lingering, or serious. Hatipoglu especially tends to see frequent yeast infections in people with vaginas who have diabetes. This is because excess sugar from high blood sugar spilling out through the urine helps feed what does sole trader mean bacteria that can cause these infections, the NIDDK says.
Sores that take a while to heal, often on the feetare a common sign of this decreased circulation, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Glucose is present in your saliva as well as your blood. This leads to issues like tooth decay, cavities, gingivitis, gum disease, and bad breath. Swollen, tender, and bleeding gums are one of the first things to look out for. Over the years, hyperglycemia can begin to impact nerve function and eventually cause nerve damage, called neuropathy, Dr. The most common kind of neuropathy is peripheral, according shmptoms the NIDDKwhich affects the extremities.
You might start noticing feelings of tingling, numbness, or burning in your hands, feet, arms, and legs, per the Mayo Clinic. An expert like a primary care provider can help determine if high blood sugar due to diabetes or prediabetes sympttoms the cause of your symptoms.
Pork braciole how to cook your doctor suspects you might have diabetes, they may order testing. Per the Mayo Clinicthese tests can include:. A glycated hemoglobin A1C test. This is a f test that determines your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures how much blood sugar is attached to hemoglobin, which is a protein in your red blood cells that carries oxygen.
An A1C level of 6. An A1C between 5. Below 5. A random blood sugar test. A fasting blood sugar test. An oral glucose tolerance sumptoms. Before taking this test, you need to fast overnight. Then a medical professional will measure your fasting blood sugar level.
After that, you drink a sugary liquid and a medical kf tests your blood sugar levels periodically for the next b,ood hours. A urinalysis. Your doctor may also want to do a test to see if you have autoantibodies, harmful immune system cells that can signal type 1 diabetes. How you treat and prevent high blood sugar depends on the cause and your overall health. But in general, it will almost certainly involve working with your medical team on a plan involving a mix of lifestyle habits and medications to help you best manage your health.
If testing reveals that you have prediabetes, there are things you can do that may help mitigate or even reverse prediabetes and prevent type 2 diabetes, according to the U. National Library of Medicineincluding exercising smptoms, potentially changing your diet with the guidance of someone like your doctor, an R. If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetesyour management plan will likely include strategies like testing your blood sugar often with finger sticks and potentially a continuous glucose monitoring system ; taking insulin on a regular basis via injections or an insulin pumpparticularly when you eat carbs or have high blood sugar; and exercising regularly, according to the NIDDK.
If you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you will also how to preserve a deer pelt to monitor your blood sugar, make certain lifestyle changes like working with an expert to come up with a realistic meal plan and exercisingand potentially take medication, Dr. American Diabetes Association, Diagnosis. National Library of Medicine, Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
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Signs of High Blood Sugar Someone who has been diagnosed with diabetes will be familiar with how it feels to have hyperglycemia. Over time, untreated high blood sugar can cause additional symptoms, such as: 7. She's an experienced health and science journalist who is particularly interested in the science of skin care, sexual and reproductive health, drugs and drug policy, and mental health.
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Symptoms when your blood sugar levels are too high
Mar 11, · Other symptoms and signs of high blood sugar levels in the blood are blurred vision, hunger ("hangry"), and headaches. Other conditions that can cause high blood sugar are pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, unusual hormone-secreting tumors, pancreatic cancer, certain medications, and severe illnesses. Feb 14, · Over time, high blood sugar can affect your blood flow and cause nerve damage that makes it hard for your body to heal wounds. Pain or numbness in your feet or legs. .
High blood sugar hyperglycemia affects people who have diabetes. Several factors can contribute to hyperglycemia in people with diabetes, including food and physical activity choices, illness, nondiabetes medications, or skipping or not taking enough glucose-lowering medication. It's important to treat hyperglycemia, because if left untreated, hyperglycemia can become severe and lead to serious complications requiring emergency care, such as a diabetic coma.
In the long term, persistent hyperglycemia, even if not severe, can lead to complications affecting your eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart. Symptoms of hyperglycemia develop slowly over several days or weeks. The longer blood sugar levels stay high, the more serious the symptoms become. However, some people who've had type 2 diabetes for a long time may not show any symptoms despite elevated blood sugar levels.
Recognizing early signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia can help you treat the condition promptly. Watch for:. If hyperglycemia goes untreated, it can cause toxic acids ketones to build up in your blood and urine ketoacidosis. Signs and symptoms include:. During digestion, your body breaks down carbohydrates from foods — such as bread, rice and pasta — into various sugar molecules. One of these sugar molecules is glucose, a main energy source for your body. Glucose is absorbed directly into your bloodstream after you eat, but it can't enter the cells of most of your tissues without the help of insulin — a hormone secreted by your pancreas.
When the glucose level in your blood rises, it signals your pancreas to release insulin. The insulin unlocks your cells so that glucose can enter and provide the fuel your cells need to function properly. Any extra glucose is stored in your liver and muscles in the form of glycogen. This process lowers the amount of glucose in your bloodstream and prevents it from reaching dangerously high levels. As your blood sugar level returns to normal, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas.
Diabetes drastically lowers insulin's effects on your body. This may be because your pancreas is unable to produce insulin type 1 diabetes , or it may be because your body is resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level type 2 diabetes.
As a result, glucose tends to build up in your bloodstream hyperglycemia and may reach dangerously high levels if not treated properly. Insulin or other drugs are used to lower blood sugar levels. Illness or stress can trigger hyperglycemia because hormones produced to combat illness or stress can also cause your blood sugar to rise. Even people who don't have diabetes may develop transient hyperglycemia during severe illness.
But people with diabetes may need to take extra diabetes medication to keep blood glucose near normal during illness or stress. Keeping your blood sugar in a healthy range can help prevent many diabetes-related complications. Long-term complications of untreated hyperglycemia can include:.
If blood sugar rises high enough or for a prolonged period of time, it can lead to two serious conditions.
Diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis develops when you don't have enough insulin in your body. When this happens, sugar glucose can't enter your cells for energy. Your blood sugar level rises, and your body begins to break down fat for energy. This process produces toxic acids known as ketones. Excess ketones accumulate in the blood and eventually "spill over" into the urine. Left untreated, diabetic ketoacidosis can lead to a diabetic coma and be life-threatening.
Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state. This condition occurs when people produce insulin, but it doesn't work properly. Because insulin is present but not working properly, the body can't use either glucose or fat for energy.
Glucose is then spilled into the urine, causing increased urination. Left untreated, diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state can lead to life-threatening dehydration and coma. Prompt medical care is essential. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.
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Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Hyperglycemia high blood glucose. American Diabetes Association. Accessed June 5, What is diabetes? McCulloch DK. Management of persistent hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Kitabchi AE, et al. Diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state in adults: Treatment. Know your blood sugar numbers: Use them to manage your diabetes. Accessed May 30, Glycemic control and vascular complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Accessed June 6, Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes — Diabetes Care. The big picture: Checking your blood glucose. Accessed June 8, Castro MR expert opinion. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 7, Related Associated Procedures A1C test. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.