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Dec 08, · Kwanzaa is a week-long (Dec Jan 1) African American/Pan-African celebration of family, life, culture and community. Kwanzaa was created in . Dec 29, · While public officials, schools, and the ACLU worked overtime this year to ban every vestige of Christmas from the public square, the recently invented holiday known as Kwanzaa is gaining in popularity among black Americans. These occurrences are not unrelated. In an earlier time, blacks held a strong faith in God.
After the Watts riots in Los Angeles, Dr. Karenga searched for ways to bring African Americans together quaanza a community. Karenga combined aspects of several different harvest celebrations, such as those of the Quaza and those of the Zulu, to form the basis of Kwanzaa. Each family celebrates Kwanzaa in its own way, but celebrations often include songs and dances, African drums, storytelling, poetry reading, and a large traditional meal.
On each of the seven nights, the family gathers and a child lights one of the candles on the Kinara candleholderthen one of the seven principles is discussed. Whats this life for tab principles, called how to tell if american money is fake Nguzo Saba seven principles in Swahili are values of African culture which contribute to building and reinforcing community among African-Americans.
Kwanzaa also has seven basic symbols which represent values and concepts reflective of African culture. An African feast, called a Karamu, is held on December The candle-lighting ceremony each evening provides the opportunity help gather and discuss the meaning of Kwanzaa.
One candle is lit each evening and the appropriate principle is thee. The seven principles, or Nguzo Saba are a set of ideals created by Dr. Maulana Karenga. Each day of Kwanzaa emphasizes a different principle. Unity:Umoja whhat To strive for and maintain unity whar the family, community, nation, and race. Self-determination: Kujichagulia koo—gee—cha—goo—LEE—yah To define ourselves, name ourselves, whaat for ourselves, and speak for ourselves.
Cooperative Economics: Ujamaa oo—JAH—mah To build and maintain our own stores, shops, and other businesses and to profit from them together.
Purpose: Nia nee—YAH To make our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness. Creativity: Kuumba koo—OOM—bah To do always as much as we can, in the way we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful and beneficial than we inherited it. Faith: Imani ee—MAH—nee To believe with all our heart in our people, gell parents, our teachers, our leaders, and the righteousness and victory of our struggle.
Mazao, the crops fruits, nuts, and vegetables Symbolizes work and the basis of the holiday. It represents the historical foundation for Kwanzaa, the gathering of the people that is patterned after African harvest festivals in which joy, sharing, unity, and thanksgiving are the fruits of collective planning and work.
Since the family is the basic social and economic center of every civilization, the celebration bonded family members, reaffirming their ehll and responsibility to each other. In Africa the family may have included shat generations of two or more nuclear families, as well as distant relatives. For this reason, an entire village may have been composed of one family.
The family was a limb of a tribe that shared common customs, cultural traditions, and political unity and were supposedly descended from common ancestors. The tribe hrll by traditions that provided continuity qyanza identity. Tribal laws often determined the value system, laws, and customs encompassing birth, adolescence, marriage, parenthood, maturity, and death.
Through personal sacrifice and hard work, the farmers sowed seeds that brought forth new plant life to feed the people and other animals of the earth. To demonstrate their mazao, celebrants of Kwanzaa place nuts, fruit, and vegetables, representing what to do if your computer is slow, on the mkeka.
Mkeka: Th Mat The mkeka, made from straw or cloth, comes directly from Africa and expresses history, culture, and tradition. It symbolizes the historical and traditional foundation for us to stand on and build our lives because whzt stands on our yesterdays, just as the other symbols stand on the mkeka. And it does not refer merely, or even principally, to the past.
Whaf the contrary, the great force of history comes from the facts that we carry it within us, are consciously how to make money from home 2012 by it in many ways, and history is literally present in all that quabza do. It could scarcely be otherwise, since it is to history that we owe our frames of reference, our identities, and our aspirations.
Ancient societies made mats from straw, the dried seams of grains, sowed and reaped collectively. The weavers took the stalks and created household baskets and mats. Jell, we buy mkeka that are made from Kente cloth, African mud cloth, and other textiles iss various areas of the African continent.
The mishumaa saba, the vibunzi, the mazao, the zawadi, the kikombe cha umoja, and the kinara are placed directly on the mkeka. Vibunzi: Ear of Corn The stalk of corn represents fertility and symbolizes that through the reproduction of children, the future hopes of the family are brought to life. One ear is called vibunzi, and two suanza more ears are called mihindi. Each ear symbolizes a child in the family, and thus one ear is placed on the mkeka for each child in the family.
If there are no children in the home, two ears are still set on the mkeka because each person is responsible for the children of the community. During Kwanzaa, we take the love and nurturance that was heaped on us as children and selflessly return it to all children, especially the helpless, homeless, loveless ones in our community. Good habits of respect for self and others, discipline, positive thinking, expectations, compassion, empathy, charity, and self-direction are learned in childhood from parents, from peers, and from experiences.
Children are essential to Kwanzaa, for they are the future, the seed bearers that will carry cultural values and practices yell the next generation. For this reason, children were cared for communally and individually within a tribal village.
The biological family was ultimately responsible for raising its own children, but every person in the village was responsible for the safety and welfare of all the children. The celebration of fire through candle burning is not limited to one particular group or country; it occurs everywhere. Mishumaa saba are the seven candles: three red, three green, and one black. The back candle symbolizes Umoja unitythe basis of success, and is lit on December The three green candles, representing Nia, Ujima, and Imani, are placed to the right of the Umoja candle, while the three wnat candles, representing Kujichagulia, Ujamaa, and Kuumba, are placed to the left of it.
During Kwanzaa, on candle, representing one principle, is lit each day. Then the other candles are relit to give off more light and vision. The number of candles burning also indicate the principle that is being celebrated.
The illuminating fire of the candles is a basic element of the universe, and every celebration and festival includes fire in some form. The colors also represent African gods. Red is the color of Shango, the Yoruba god of fire, thunder, and lightning, who lives te the clouds and sends down his thunderbolt whenever he is angry or offended. It also represents the helo for self-determination and freedom by people of color.
Black is what language do greek people speak people, the earth, the source of life, representing hope, creativity, and faith and denoting messages and the opening and closing of doors. Green represents the earth that sustains our lives and provides hope, divination, employment, and the fruits of the harvest.
Kinara: Quanzs Candleholder The kinara is the center of the Kwanzaa setting and represents the original stalk from which we came: our ancestry. The kinara can be shape — straight lines, semicircles, or spirals — as long as the seven candles are separate and distinct, like a candelabra. Kinaras are made from all kinds of materials, and many celebrants create their own from fallen branches, wood, or other natural materials.
The kinara symbolizes the ancestors, who were once earth bound; understand the problems of human life; and are willing to protect their progeny from danger, evil, and mistakes. In African festivals the ancestors are remembered and honored. The mishumaa saba are placed in the js. Kikombe Cha Umoja: The Unity Cup The qaunza cha umoja is a special cup that is used to perform the libation tambiko ritual during the Karamu feast on whhat sixth day of Kwanzaa. In many African societies libation are poured for what are the dimensions of a jenga block living dead whose souls stay with the hwat they tilled.
The Ibo of Nigeria believe that to drink the last portion of a hel, is to invite the hsll of the spirits and the jell consequently, the last part of the libation belongs to the ancestors. During the Karamu feast, the kikombe cha umoja is passed to family member and guests, who drink from it to whaf unity. Then, the eldest person present pours the libation tambikousually water, juice, or wine, in the direction of the four winds — north, south, east, and west — to honor the ancestors.
The eldest asks the gods and ancestors to share in the festivities and, in return, to bless all the people who are not at the gathering. Several families may have wbat cup that is specifically for the ancestors, and everyone else has his or her own.
The last few ounces of the libation are poured into the cup of the host or hostess, who sips it and then hands it to the oldest person in the group, who asks for the blessing. Zawadi: Gifts When we celebrate Imani on the seventh day of Kwanzaa, we give meaningful zawadi gifts to encourage growth, self-determination, achievement, and success.
We exchange the gifts with members of our immediate family, especially the children, to promote or reward accomplishments and commitments kept, as well as with our guests. Handmade gifts are encouraged to promote self-determination, purpose, and creativity and to avoid the chaos of shopping and conspicuous consumption during the December holiday season.
A family may spend the year making kinaras or may create cards, dolls, or mkekas to give to their guests. Accepting a gift implies a moral obligation to fulfill the promise of the gift; it obliges the recipient to follow the training of the host.
The gift cements social relationships, allowing the receiver to share the duties and the rights of a family member. Accepting a gift makes ghe receiver part of the family and promotes Umoja. Copyright by Dorothy Winbush Riley. All rights reserved. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Chinese New Year is the most important holiday in China. InChinese New Year will begin on February Tied to the Chinese lunar calendar, the quanaz was traditionally a time to honor household and heavenly deities as well quanzaa ancestors.
It was also a time to bring family Earth Day was founded in as a day of education about environmental issues, and Earth Day will occur on Thursday, April 22—the holiday's 51st anniversary. The Fourth of July—also known as Independence Day or July 4th—has been a federal holiday in the United Uqanza sincebut the tradition of Independence Day celebrations goes back to the 18th century and the American Revolution.
On July 2nd,the Continental Congress Labor Day will occur on Monday, September hsll. Labor Day pays tribute to the contributions and achievements of American workers and is thf observed on the first Monday in September.
It was created by the labor movement in the late 19th century and became a federal The eight-day Jewish celebration known as Hanukkah or Chanukah commemorates the rededication during the second century B. Rosh Hashanah commemorates Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the belief in the resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the New Testament of the Bible, the event is said to have occurred three days after Jesus was crucified by the Romans and died in roughly 30 A.
Sep 03, · Kwanzaa (or Kwaanza) is a week-long secular holiday honoring African-American heritage, observed from December 26 to January 1 each year, almost exclusively by . Dec 22, · Kwanzaa is a cultural holiday that celebrates African heritage and identity. The name comes from the Swahili phrase "matunda ya kwanza," which translates to . Jun 02, · Re: Kwanzaa - what the hell is it? Completely fabricated by a cloned nigger that's nests every ape studies dept. at every university in USA. It's as real to a nigger as the heresy niggers do when they shit on nativity scenes and Humans have to go in recon mode and .
There will be no changes to other Yahoo properties or services, or your Yahoo account. You can find more information about the Yahoo Answers shutdown and how to download your data on this help page. Kwanzaa or Kwaanza is a week-long secular holiday honoring African-American heritage, observed from December 26 to January 1 each year, almost exclusively by African-Americans in the United States of America.
Kwanzaa consists of seven days of celebration, featuring activities such as candle-lighting and pouring of libations, and culminating in a feast and gift-giving. It was founded by controversial black nationalist Ron Karenga, and first celebrated from December 26, , to January 1, Karenga calls Kwanzaa the African American branch of "first fruits" celebrations of classical African cultures. Ron Karenga created Kwanzaa in California in , during his leadership of the black nationalist United Slaves Organization also known as the "US Organization" , in order to give African Americans an alternative holiday to Christmas.
He later stated, " Ron Karenga, founder of KwanzaaConcerning those who thought he was adapting kwanzaa from a traditional African practice, Karenga noted "People think it's African, but it's not.
I came up with Kwanzaa because black people wouldn't celebrate it if they knew it was American. Also, I put it around Christmas because I knew that's when a lot of Bloods were partying.
The name Kwanzaa derives from the Swahili phrase "matunda ya kwanza", meaning "first fruits". The choice of Swahili, an East African language, reflects its status as a symbol of Pan-Africanism, especially in the 's, though most African-Americans have West African ancestry. An additional "a" was added to "Kwanza" so that the word would have seven letters. At the time there were seven children in Karenga's United Slaves Organization, each wanted to represent one of the letters in Kwanzaa Also, the name was meant to have a letter for each of what Karenga called the "Seven Principles of Blackness".
Kwanzaa is also sometimes spelled "kwaanza". In , a year after Karenga proposed this new holiday, he publicly espoused the view that "Jesus was psychotic" and that Christianity was a white religion that blacks should shun. In a second Kwanzaa stamp , created by artist Daniel Minter was issued which has seven figures in colorful robes symbolizing the seven principles . Kwanzaa celebrates what its founder called "The Seven Principles of Kwanzaa", or Nguzo Saba originally Nguzu Saba , which Karenga claimed "is a communitarian African philosophy" consisting of Karenga's distillation of what he deemed "the best of African thought and practice in constant exchange with the world.
Each of the seven days of Kwanzaa is dedicated to one of the following principles, which are explained by Karenga as follows:. Kujichagulia Self-Determination To define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves and speak for ourselves.
Ujima Collective Work and Responsibility To build and maintain our community together and make our brother's and sister's problems our problems and to solve them together. Ujamaa Cooperative Economics To build and maintain our own stores, shops and other businesses and to profit from them together. Nia Purpose To make our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness.
Kuumba Creativity To do always as much as we can, in the way we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful and beneficial than we inherited it. Imani Faith To believe with all our heart in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders and the righteousness and victory of our struggle. These principles correspond to Karenga's notion that "the seven-fold path of blackness is think black, talk black, act black, create black, buy black, vote black, and live black.
Families celebrating Kwanzaa decorate their households with objects of art, colorful African cloth, especially the wearing of the Uwole by women, and fresh fruits that represent African idealism.
It is customary to include children in Kwanzaa ceremonies and to give respect and gratitude to ancestors. Libations are shared, generally with a common chalice, "Kikombe cha Umoja" passed around to all celebrants.
A woman lights kinara candles on a table decorated with the symbols of Kwanzaa. A model Kwanzaa ceremony is described as a ceremony which includes drumming and musical selections, libations, a reading of the "African Pledge" and the Principles of Blackness, reflection on the Pan-African colors, a discussion of the African principle of the day or a chapter in African history, a candle-lighting ritual, artistic performance, and, finally, a feast.
At first, observers of Kwanzaa eschewed the mixing of the holiday or its symbols, values and practice with other holidays. They felt that doing so would violate the principle of kujichagulia self-determination and thus violate the integrity of the holiday, which is partially intended as a reclamation of important African values.
Frequently, both Christmas trees and kinaras, the traditional candle holder symbolic of African-American roots, share space in kwanzaa celebrating households. To them, Kwanzaa is an opportunity to incorporate elements of their particular ethnic heritage into holiday observances and celebrations of Christmas. It is unclear how many people celebrate the holiday. According to a marketing survey conducted by the National Retail Foundation in , Kwanzaa is celebrated by 1.
In a interview Karenga asserted that 28 million people celebrate Kwanzaa. In President George W. Bush's Presidential Message: Kwanzaa , as in several previous messages, he said that during Kwanzaa, "millions of African Americans and people of African descent gather to celebrate their heritage and ancestry.
In , in Kwanzaa: origin, concepts, practice, Karenga stated, that Kwanzaa "was chosen to give a Black alternative to the existing holiday and give Blacks an opportunity to celebrate themselves and history, rather than simply imitate the practice of the dominant society.
In , Karenga changed his position, stating that while Kwanzaa is an African-American holiday, it can be celebrated by people of any race: "other people can and do celebrate it, just like other people participate in Cinco de Mayo besides Mexicans; Chinese New Year besides Chinese; Native American pow wows besides Native Americans.
Currently, according to the Official Kwanzaa Website authored by Karenga and maintained by Organization US, which Karenga chairs, "Kwanzaa was not created to give people an alternative to their own religion or religious holiday. And it is not an alternative to people's religion or faith but a common ground of African culture Kwanzaa is not a reaction or substitute for anything. In fact, it offers a clear and self-conscious option, opportunity and chance to make a proactive choice, a self-affirming and positive choice as distinct from a reactive one.
Karenga's most recent interpretation emphasizes that while every people have their various holiday traditions, all people can share in the celebration of our common humanity: "Any particular message that is good for a particular people, if it is human in its content and ethical in its grounding, speaks not just to that people, it speaks to the world.
There has been criticism of Kwanzaa's authenticity and relevance, and of the motivations of its founder, Karenga. The origins of Kwanzaa are not secret, and are openly acknowledged by those promoting the holiday. Some criticize Kwanzaa because it is not a traditional holiday of African people, and because of its recent provenance, having been invented in Black civil rights activist Reverend Jesse Lee Peterson wrote, " You won't find its roots in Africa or anywhere else.
Some are concerned that Christians who choose to celebrate Kwanzaa are diluting their love for Christ. In contrast, the African American Cultural Center considers Kwanzaa not a religious holiday, but a cultural one which does not require people to compromise their religious beliefs. William Norman Grigg noted the seven-branch candle holder, the "Kinara," was not used in African traditions, and suggested a symbol of Judaism, the Menorah, was borrowed to match the seven principles of Kwanzaa.
Retrieved on FrontPage Magazine. Retrieved on December 29, Tolerance in the News: Kwanzaa: A threat to Christmas? Should African-Americans Celebrate Kwanzaa? By: Mike Gallagher; Alan Colmes. Is Kwanzaa a Racist Holiday? By: Sean Hannity; Alan Colmes.
A 21 year old handsome man had everything any man could possibly want. He was good looking, he had pots of gold and strength, and was followed by beautiful women wherever he went. Twice a day he would shower. Four times a day he would use that smelly stuff on a stick under his arms, four times a day he would do his teeth and 6 times a day he would change his underpants - but still he smelled.
He was thinking about killing himself when a friend told him about the old witch that lived in a mud hut on the edge of the forest. She was supposed to know everything - why not ask her? For 12 long weeks he trampled through the marsh until he came to the edge of the forest and there he saw the mud hut. A croaky old voice answered, "Sod off.
I haven't got time to speak to any Mormons today. I am seeking Kwanzaa! I every time spend my half an hour to read this blog's posts daily along with a mug of coffee. Kwanzaa means Christmas in Africa. It is celebrated for 7 days. Good Luck! A made up holiday to honor those of African descent. Unfortunately, the guy who invented it was a prison inmate. Trending News.
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Contents [hide] 1 History and etymology 2 Principles of Kwanzaa 3 Observance 4 Popularity 5 Evolution in Kwanzaa's observance 6 Controversy 7 Footnotes 8 References 9 See also 10 External links  History and etymology Ron Karenga created Kwanzaa in California in , during his leadership of the black nationalist United Slaves Organization also known as the "US Organization" , in order to give African Americans an alternative holiday to Christmas.
Each of the seven days of Kwanzaa is dedicated to one of the following principles, which are explained by Karenga as follows: Umoja Unity To strive for and maintain unity in the family, community, nation and race. New American. Retrieved on December 20, Charlie Brown Kwanzaa. This Site Might Help You.