Glossary of rhetorical terms
Telos (/?t?.l?s/; Greek: ?????, translit. telos, lit. "end, 'purpose', or 'goal") is a term used by philosopher Aristotle to refer to the full potential or inherent purpose or objective of a person or thing, similar to the notion of an 'end goal' or 'raison d'etre'. Moreover, it can be understood as the "supreme end of . Scholasticism. Rhetorical study of Christianity that was intellectually prominent in 11th–15th-century Western Europe, emphasizing rhetorical concepts by Aristotle and a .
Frenchmen concentrated much of their energy during the early s on recovering from the war. The government undertook a vast program of reconstructing the devastated areas and had largely completed that task by what was the goal of scholasticism To compensate for manpower losses, immigration barriers were lowered, and two million foreign workers flooded into the country.
The peace settlement, in the eyes of many Frenchmen, had not provided adequate guarantees; and, except among Socialists and Radicals, there waz little confidence how to update charts in powerpoint from excel the League of Nations.
American and British promises to aid France in case of future attack had been written into the treaty, but they became meaningless when the U. Senate rejected Versailles.
The general elections of November resulted in a massive majority for the right-wing coalition called the Bloc National.
The new Chamber set out to enforce the Treaty of Versailles to the letter; it also sought traditional security guarantees, maintaining the largest standing army in Europe and attempting to encircle Germany with a ring of military allies Belgium and Poland in —21; CzechoslovakiaRomaniaand Yugoslavia in — But the central issue was that of German scholaaticism.
By the end of sccholasticism British clearly favoured a reduction of the burden in order to get Germany rag rug looms how to make on its feet; this issue caused increasing strain between the British and French governments.
The German government attempted passive resistance but finally had to comply. Germany agreed in to a revised reparations settlement, the Dawes Planand the French occupation forces were withdrawn. The plan enabled the Germans to meet their obligations on schedule during the rest of the decade with the help of large American loans. In France and the United States finally reached acholasticism on another nagging problem—the repayment of French war debts for wartime deliveries of American munitions and other supplies.
The aftermath of the Ruhr occupation was to cast doubt on its apparent success. The Sfholasticism republic was weakened acholasticism the runaway inflation ofand its future clouded. The occupation had embittered Britain and the United States. Hwat among Frenchmen the victory had left a sour aftertaste, because the costs of the occupation forced an increase in French taxes. The shaky franc went into rapid decline until there seemed to be danger of complete financial collapse. The franc began to rise, and it finally stabilized at about one-fifth of its value.
His goal was to work for collective security through the League of Nations, for disarmament, and for a reconciliation with those Germans who favoured peaceful and cooperative methods. Briand found a ready partner in Gustav Stresemannthe German foreign minister.
By the Pact of Locarnothe French and German governments bound themselves not to use force to alter the existing Franco-German frontier. Videos Images Audio. Additional Info. Load Previous Page. The interwar years Frenchmen concentrated much of their energy during the early das on recovering from the war. Scholasticcism reparations The general elections of November resulted in a massive majority for the right-wing coalition called the Bloc National.
Financial crisis The aftermath of the Ruhr occupation was ot cast doubt on its apparent success. Load Next Page.
France - France - The interwar years: Frenchmen concentrated much of their energy during the early s on recovering from the war. The government undertook a vast program of reconstructing the devastated areas and had largely completed that task by To compensate for manpower losses, immigration barriers were lowered, and two million foreign workers flooded into the country.
Moreover, it can be understood as the "supreme end of man's endeavour". Telos is the root of the modern term teleology , the study of purposiveness or of objects with a view to their aims, purposes, or intentions.
Teleology is central in Aristotle's work on biology and in his theory of the four causes. Aristotle's notion that everything has a telos also gave rise to epistemology. Telos has been consistently used in the writings of Aristotle, in which the term, on several occasions, denotes 'goal'. Within this conceptualization, there are telos that are subordinate to other telos , as all activities have their own, respective goals.
For Aristotle, these subordinate telos can become the means to achieve more fundamental telos. He explained that the telos of the blacksmith is the production of a sword, while that of the swordsman's, which uses the weapon as a tool, is to kill or incapacitate an enemy. In contrast, techne is the rational method involved in producing an object or accomplishing a goal or objective; however, the two methods are not mutually exclusive in principle.
These are demonstrated in the cases of writing and seeing, as explained by Martin Heidegger : the former is considered a form of techne , as the end product lies beyond para the activity of producing; whereas, in seeing, there is no remainder outside of or beyond the activity itself at the moment it is accomplished.
One running debate in modern philosophy of biology is to what extent does teleological language i. According to Aristotle, the telos of a plant or animal is also "what it was made for"—which can be observed. Thus, these are all elements of trees' telos. Moreover, trees only possess such elements if it is healthy and thriving—"only if it lives long enough and under the right conditions to fulfill its potential. Action theory also makes essential use of teleological vocabulary.
From Donald Davidson 's perspective, an action is just something an agent does with an intention —i. According to the Marxist perspective , historical change is dictated by socio-economic structures, which means that laws largely determine the realization of the telos of the class struggle. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Telos disambiguation. This being so, it clearly follows that actions are right and praiseworthy only as being a means to the attainment of a life of pleasure.
But that which is not itself a means to anything else, but to which all else is a means, is what the Greeks term the Telos, the highest, ultimate or final Good. It must therefore be admitted that the Chief Good is to live agreeably. Retrieved 3 May Loeb Classical Library. Harvard University Press , transcribed by B. Harris, trans. Ontario: Broadview Press.
ISBN New York: Rodopi. Philosophy: Key Texts. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. The History of Philosophy. Penguin UK. Time of Life, The: Heidegger and Ethos. Time and the Philosophy of Action. Volume 3: Philosophy of Action. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
Ancient Greek philosophical concepts. Alexander the Great. Category Philosophy portal. Categories : Philosophy of Aristotle Concepts in ancient Greek metaphysics.
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